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Public pensions and return migration

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  • Tim Krieger

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Abstract

In a median-voter framework with pensions and immigration we show that too few unskilled immigrants are allowed into the country because the unskilled native median voter is concerned with negative effects on his wage. He does not consider the positive effects to other groups in society. When return migration is allowed for, the median voter is more willing to accept immigration because he can shift some of the burden to future generations.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11127-007-9213-6
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 134 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 163-178

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:134:y:2008:i:3:p:163-178

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

Related research

Keywords: Migration; Return migration; Unfunded pension systems; Voting; H55; J61; D72;

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References

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  1. Alexander Kemnitz, 2003. "Immigration, Unemployment and Pensions," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 105(1), pages 31-48, 03.
  2. Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex & Verbon, Harrie A. A., 2004. "Ageing, migration and endogenous public pensions," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(1-2), pages 131-159, January.
  3. Friedrich Breyer & Klaus Stolte, 2001. "Demographic change, endogenous labor supply and the political feasibility of pension reform," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 409-424.
  4. Tim Krieger, 2004. "Fertility rates and skill distribution in Razin and Sadka’s migration-pension model: A note," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 177-182, February.
  5. Martin Werding, 2003. "After Another Decade of Reform: Do Pension Systems in Europe Converge?," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(1), pages 11-16, October.
  6. Christian Dustmann, 2003. "Children and return migration," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 815-830, November.
  7. Haupt, Alexander & Peters, Wolfgang, 1998. " Public Pensions and Voting on Immigration," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 95(3-4), pages 403-13, June.
  8. Juan A. Lacomba & Francisco M. Lagos, 2004. "Immigration and Pension Benefits in the Host-country," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/77, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  9. Razin, A. & Sadka, E., 1999. "Unskilled Migration: a Burden or a Boon for the Welfare State?," Papers 8-99, Tel Aviv.
  10. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1997. "The Value of Children and Immigrants in a Pay-As-You-Go Pension System: A Proposal for a Partial Transition to a Funded System," NBER Working Papers 6229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Krieger, Tim, 2003. " Voting on Low-Skill Immigration under Different Pension Regimes," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 117(1-2), pages 51-78, October.
  12. Scholten, Ulrich & Thum, Marcel, 1996. " Public Pensions and Immigration Policy in a Democracy," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 87(3-4), pages 347-61, June.
  13. Lagos Francisco & Lacomba Juan, 2005. "The Role of Immigration in the Retirement Age Reform : A Theoretical Analysis," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-20, September.
  14. Rachel M. Friedberg & J. Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Working Papers 95-5, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  15. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1999. "Migration and pension with international capital mobility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 141-150, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tito Boeri & Guido Tabellini, 2012. "Does information increase political support for pension reform?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(1), pages 327-362, January.
  2. Dreher, Axel & Poutvaara, Panu, 2011. "Foreign students and migration to the United States," Munich Reprints in Economics 20044, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  3. Muñoz de Bustillo, Rafael & Antón, José-Ignacio, 2009. "Immigration and Social Benefits in a Mediterranean Welfare State: The Case of Spain," MPRA Paper 13849, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Juan A. Lacomba & Francisco M. Lagos, 2004. "Immigration and Pension Benefits in the Host-country," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/77, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  5. Giovanni Facchini & Anna Maria Mayda & Prachi Mishra, 2008. "Do Interest Groups Affects US Immigration Policy?," Development Working Papers 256, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  6. Giovanni Facchini & Anna Maria Mayda, 2008. "From Individual Attitudes towards Migrants to Migration Policy Outcomes. Theory and Evidence," Development Working Papers 251, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  7. Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2012. "Education, Life Expectancy and Pension Reform," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 202(3), pages 31-55, September.
  8. Jana Tepperová & Stanislav Klazar, 2012. "The Impact of Social Systems and their Coordination on Economic Migration," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2012(4), pages 505-522.

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