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Immigration and Social Benefits in a Mediterranean Welfare State: The Case of Spain

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  • Muñoz de Bustillo, Rafael
  • Antón, José-Ignacio

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of immigration on the Spanish Welfare State nowadays. Using two different household surveys, both the reception of state cash transfers and the use of public health care insurance by nationals and immigrants are analysed. Controlling by observable socio-demographic characteristics, we find that immigrants receive fewer cash transfers than locals and do not exhibit a statistically significant higher use of health care services than nationals. The nature of the Spanish Welfare State compared to its European correlates and the age composition of the immigrant population, concentrated in active age, can help to explain these findings.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 13849.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:13849

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Keywords: Immigration; Welfare State; Spain; cash transfers; health care;

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References

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  1. Hansen, Jörgen & Lofstrom, Magnus, 1999. "Immigrant Assimilation and Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate Into or Out-of Welfare," IZA Discussion Papers 100, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. George J. Borjas & Stephen J. Trejo, 1991. "Immigrant Participation in the Welfare System," NBER Working Papers 3423, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Timothy J. Hatton & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2008. "Global Migration and the World Economy: Two Centuries of Policy and Performance," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262582775, December.
  4. Bover, Olympia & Velilla, Pilar, 1999. "Migration in Spain: Historical Background and Current Trends," IZA Discussion Papers 88, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," NBER Working Papers 4955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. David Blake & Les Mayhew, 2006. "On The Sustainability of the UK State Pension System in the Light of Population Ageing and Declining Fertility," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(512), pages F286-F305, 06.
  7. José Ignacio García Pérez & Victoria Osuna Padilla & Guadalupe Valera Blanes, 2004. "La inmigración y su efecto en las finanzas públicas andaluzas," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/41, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  8. Jan Ekberg, 1999. "Immigration and the public sector: Income effects for the native population in Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 411-430.
  9. repec:fth:baesse:9909 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Tim Krieger, 2006. "Public pensions and return migration," Working Papers CIE 2, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
  11. M. Dolores Collado & IÒigo Iturbe-Ormaetxe & Guadalupe Valera, 2004. "Quantifying the Impact of Immigration on the Spanish Welfare State," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 335-353, 05.
  12. Banting, Keith & Kymlicka, Will (ed.), 2006. "Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199289189.
  13. Bird, Edward J. & Kayser, Hilke & Wagner, Gert G. & Frick, Joachim R., 1999. "The Immigrant Welfare Effect: Take-Up or Eligibility?," IZA Discussion Papers 66, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. repec:pdn:wpaper:2 is not listed on IDEAS
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Farré, Lídia & Rodríguez-Planas, Núria, 2013. "Immigrants from Eastern Partnership (EaP) Countries in Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 7558, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Muñoz de Bustillo, Rafael & Antón, José-Ignacio, 2009. "From rags to riches? Immigration and poverty in Spain," MPRA Paper 13848, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Lídia Farré & Núria Rodríguez-Planas, 2014. "Immigrants from eastern partnership (EaP) countries in Spain," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 1-28, December.
  4. Rodríguez-Planas, Núria & Farré, Lídia, 2014. "Migration, Crisis and Adjustment in an Enlarged E(M)U: The Spanish Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 8091, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Peter Huber & Doris A. Oberdabernig, 2014. "Decomposing Welfare Wedges. An Analysis of Welfare Dependence of Immigrants and Natives in Europe," WIFO Working Papers 459, WIFO.

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