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Education, Life Expectancy and Pension Reform

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  • Tim Krieger

    ()
    (University of Freiburg)

  • Thomas Lange

    ()
    (Univeristy of Konstanz)

Abstract

In a two-period model with agent heterogeneity we analyze a pension reform toward a stronger link between contributions and benefits (as recently observed in several countries) in a pension system with a Bismarckian and a Beveridgean component. We show that such a policy change may discourage human capital investment at the margin and thus reduce the average educational level in an economy. The life expectancy differential between skilled and unskilled individuals drives this result. Furthermore, we investigate the consequences on the intragenerational redistribution characteristics of the pension system –in the sense of the number of net-recipients relative to net-payers– as well as welfare effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Review of Public Economics.

Volume (Year): 202 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 31-55

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2012:v:202:i:3:p:31-55

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Related research

Keywords: Social Security; Education; Life Expectancy; Pension Reform; Redistribution;

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References

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  4. Christophe Hachon, 2008. "Redistribution, Pension Systems and Capital Accumulation," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00279167, HAL.
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  6. Phillip Swagel & Efraim Sadka & Assaf Razin, 2002. "The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State," IMF Working Papers 02/68, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Barr, Nicholas, 2004. "Economics of the Welfare State," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 4, number 9780199264971, September.
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  10. Laszlo Goerke, 2000. "Bismarck versus Beveridge. Flat-Rate and Earnings-Related Unemployment Insurance in a General Efficiency Wage Framework," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 57(3), pages 243-, May.
  11. Cremer, H. & Pestieau, P., 2001. "Social insurance competition between Bismarck and Beveridge," CORE Discussion Papers 2001031, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  12. Tim Krieger & Stefan Traub, 2009. "Wie hat sich die intragenerationale Umverteilung in der staatlichen Säule des Rentensystems verändert? Ein internationaler Vergleich auf Basis von LIS-Daten," Working Papers CIE 24, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
  13. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka & Phillip Swagel, 2002. "The Wage Gap and Public Support for Social Security," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 390-395, May.
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  17. Haupt, Alexander & Peters, Wolfgang, 1998. " Public Pensions and Voting on Immigration," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 95(3-4), pages 403-13, June.
  18. Tim Krieger, 2008. "Public pensions and return migration," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 134(3), pages 163-178, March.
  19. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2000. "Why a Funded Pension System is Useful and Why It is Not Useful," Munich Reprints in Economics 19859, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  20. Krieger, Tim, 2003. "Fertility Rates and Skill Distribution in Razin and Sadka's Migration-Pension Model: A Note," Discussion Papers in Economics 82, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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  25. Martin Werding, 2003. "After Another Decade of Reform: Do Pension Systems in Europe Converge?," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(1), pages 11-16, October.
  26. Stéphane Rossignol & Emmanuelle Taugourdeau, 2006. "Asymmetric social protection systems with migration," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 481-505, July.
  27. Tim Krieger, 2001. "Intergenerational Redistribution and Labor Mobility: A Survey," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 58(3), pages 339-, July.
  28. Razin, A. & Sadka, E. & Swagel, P., 2000. "The Aging Population and the Size of the Welfare State," Papers 2000-23, Tel Aviv.
  29. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1999. "Migration and pension with international capital mobility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 141-150, October.
  30. Tim Krieger & Stefan Traub, 2008. "Back to Bismarck? Shifting Preferences for Intragenerational Redistribution in OECD Pension Systems," Working Papers CIE 13, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
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  34. Rainald Borck, 2007. "On the Choice of Public Pensions when Income and Life Expectancy Are Correlated," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 9(4), pages 711-725, 08.
  35. Christophe Hachon, 2009. "Who Really Benefits from Pension Systems ? When Life Expectancy Matters," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(4), pages 613-632.
  36. BOMMIER, Antoine & LEROUX, Marie-Louise & LOZACHMEUR, Jean-Marie, . "Differential mortality and social security," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2285, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  37. Robert Fenge & Andrea Gebauer & Christian Holzner & Volker Meier & Martin Werding, 2003. "Alterssicherungssysteme im internationalen Vergleich : Finanzierung, Leistungen, Besteuerung," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 10, 8.
  38. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2005. "Europe’s Demographic Deficit A Plea For A Child Pension System," De Economist, Springer, vol. 153(1), pages 1-45, December.
  39. Christophe Hachon, 2010. "Do Beveridgian pension systems increase growth?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 825-831, March.
  40. repec:pdn:wpaper:24 is not listed on IDEAS
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