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Redistribution, Pension Systems and Capital Accumulation

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  • Christophe Hachon

    (Centre d’Economie de La Sorbonne, University Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

In this paper we study the macroeconomic impact of a policy which changes the redistributive properties of an unfunded pension system. Using an overlapping generations model with a closed economy and heterogeneous agents, we show that a weaker link between contributions and benefits has an impact on the level of capital per capita if and only if there are inequalities in the length of life. Furthermore, this policy has positive implications for every economic agent if the system has a defined-benefit structure. The tax rate and inequalities decrease, whereas the wealth of each agent increases. However, with a defined-contribution pension system, this policy has a negative impact on every macroeconomic variable except on the wealth of the poorest agents.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institute of Public Finance in its journal Financial Theory and Practice.

Volume (Year): 32 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 339-368

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Handle: RePEc:ipf:finteo:v:32:y:2008:i:3:p:339-368

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Keywords: inequality; pension systems; redistribution; capital;

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References

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  1. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2008. "Inequality and Social Security Reforms," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00270290, HAL.
  2. BELAN, Pascal & PESTIEAU, Pierre, . "Privatizing social security: A critical assessment," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1407, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Gilles Le Garrec, 2005. "Social security, inequality and growth," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2005-22, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  4. Alessandro Sommacal, 2006. "Pension systems and intragenenerational redistribution when labor supply is endogenous," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 379-406, July.
  5. CASAMATTA, Georges & CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre, 1999. "The political economy of social security," CORE Discussion Papers 1999055, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Adams, Peter & Hurd, Michael D. & McFadden, Daniel & Merrill, Angela & Ribeiro, Tiago, 2003. "Healthy, wealthy, and wise? Tests for direct causal paths between health and socioeconomic status," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 3-56, January.
  7. Mitchell, Olivia S & Zeldes, Stephen P, 1996. "Social Security Privatization: A Structure for Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 363-67, May.
  8. Casarico, Alessandra & Carlo Devillanova, 2003. "Capital-skill Complementarity and the Redistributive Effects of Social Security Reform," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 38, Royal Economic Society.
  9. Michael Gorski & Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2007. "Pensions, Education and Life Expectancy," Working Papers CIE 4, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
  10. Rainald Borck, 2003. "On the Choice of Public Pensions when Income and Life Expectancy Are Correlated," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 369, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  11. Lambrecht, Stephane & Michel, Philippe & Vidal, Jean-Pierre, 2005. "Public pensions and growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 1261-1281, July.
  12. Homburg, Stefan, 1990. "The Efficiency of Unfunded Pension Schemes," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 640-647.
  13. Dutta, Jayasri & Kapur, Sandeep & Orszag, J. Michael, 2000. "A portfolio approach to the optimal funding of pensions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 201-206, November.
  14. repec:pdn:wpaper:4 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Breyer, Friedrich & Straub, Martin, 1993. "Welfare effects of unfunded pension systems when labor supply is endogenous," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 77-91, January.
  16. Docquier, Frederic & Paddison, Oliver, 2003. "Social security benefit rules, growth and inequality," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 47-71, March.
  17. Angus S. Deaton & Christina Paxson, 2001. "Mortality, Education, Income, and Inequality among American Cohorts," NBER Chapters, in: Themes in the Economics of Aging, pages 129-170 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Bas Van Groezen & Lex Meijdam & Harrie A. A. Verbon, 2007. "Increased Pension Savings: Blessing or Curse? Social Security Reform in a Two-Sector Growth Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 74(296), pages 736-755, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Yvonne Adema & Jan Bonenkamp & Lex Meijdam, 2013. "Flexible Pension Take-up in Social Security," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-091/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Adema, Y. & Bonenkamp, J. & Meijdam, A.C., 2013. "Flexible Pension Take-up in Social Security," Discussion Paper 2013-043, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  3. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00285040 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2012. "Education, Life Expectancy and Pension Reform," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 202(3), pages 31-55, September.

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