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On the Pro-Trade Effects of Immigrants

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Author Info

  • Bratti, Massimiliano

    ()
    (University of Milan)

  • De Benedictis, Luca

    ()
    (University of Macerata)

  • Santoni, Gianluca

    ()
    (University of Rome Tor Vergata)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the causal effect of immigration on trade flows, using Italian panel data covering very small geographical units (NUTS-3). Exploiting the very favorable setup offered by Italy's features – the very high number of countries of origin of immigrants ('super-diversity'), the high heterogeneity of social and economic characteristics of Italian provinces coupled with the absence of cultural (e.g. language) or historical (colonial ties) attractors for immigration –, controlling for a wide set of fixed effects, and dealing with the possible distortions generated by the inappropriate choice of the areal unit, we find a positive association between immigrants' stocks and both export and import flows, in line with the past literature. However, using instrumental variables based on migration enclaves, we show that immigrants have a positive and significant effect on imports only.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6628.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6628

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Related research

Keywords: business and social networks effects; transplanted-home bias effect; migration; trade; gravity model; super-diversity; MAUP;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Morettini, Gabriele & Presbitero, Andrea F. & Tamberi, Massimo, 2012. "Determinants of international migrations to Italian provinces," MPRA Paper 36316, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Bratti, Massimiliano & Conti, Chiara, 2014. "The Effect of (Mostly Unskilled) Immigration on the Innovation of Italian Regions," IZA Discussion Papers 7922, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Murat Genc & Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "The impact of immigration on international trade: a meta-analysis," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2011020, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  4. Francisco Requena & Vicente Pallardó & Andrés Artal, 2012. "Which immigrants stimulate exports in their host country? (en homenaje a José Vicente Blanes)," Working Papers 1207, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  5. Rodolfo Metulini & Paolo Sgrignoli & Stefano Schiavo & Massimo Riccaboni, 2014. "The migration network effect on international trade," Working Papers 5/2014, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised May 2014.
  6. Guadalupe Serrano-Domingo & Francisco Requena-Silvente, 2013. "Examining the non-linear relationship between migration and trade," Working Papers 1310, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  7. Behncke, Nadine, 2014. "The structure of ethnic networks and exports: Evidence from Germany," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 198, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  8. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Grossmann, Volker & Kohler, Wilhelm, 2012. "Migration, International Trade and Capital Formation: Cause or Effect?," IZA Discussion Papers 6975, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Mauro Lanati, 2014. "The sectoral pro-trade effects of ethnic networks within a Ricardian model of trade," Discussion Papers 2014/179, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  10. Selim Çagatay & Murat Genç & Onur Koska, 2013. "The Impact of Immigration on International Trade in Europe: The Case of the EU-Mediterranean-Eastern Europe Zone," ERSA conference papers ersa13p376, European Regional Science Association.

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