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Qualifying Religion: The Role of Plural Identities for Educational Production

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  • Timo Boppart
  • Josef Falkinger
  • Volker Grossmann
  • Ulrich Woitek
  • Gabriela Wüthrich

Abstract

This paper examines the role of religious denomination for human capital formation. We employ a unique data set which covers, inter alia, information on numerous measures of school inputs in 169 Swiss districts for the years 1871/72, 1881/82 and 1894/95, marks from pedagogical examinations of conscripts (1875-1903), and results from political referenda to capture conservative or progressive values in addition to the cultural characteristics language and religion. Catholic districts show on average significantly lower educational performance than Protestant districts. However, accounting for other sociocultural characteristics qualifies the role of religion for educational production. The evidence suggests that Catholicism is harmful only in a conservative milieu. We also exploit information on absenteeism of pupils from school to separate provision of schooling from use of schooling.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2283.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2283

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Keywords: culture; educational production; plural identity; religious denomination; school inputs;

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References

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  1. Edward Glaeser & Giacomo Ponzetto & Andrei Shleifer, 2007. "Why does democracy need education?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 77-99, June.
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  6. David de la Croix & Matthias Doepke, 2003. "Inequality and Growth: Why Differential Fertility Matters," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1091-1113, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Saleh, Mohamed, 2012. "From Kuttabs to Schools: Educational Modernization, Religion, and Human Capital in Twentieth Century Egypt," TSE Working Papers 12-366, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Sep 2012.
  2. Frank Betz & Christoph Carl Basten, 2012. "Beyond Work Ethic: Religion, Individual and Political Preferences," KOF Working papers 12-309, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  3. Davide Cantoni, 2011. "Adopting a new religion: The case of Protestantism in 16th Century Germany," Economics Working Papers 1265, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  4. Ludger Wößmann, 2010. "Die Bedeutung von Religion für die Bildung: Eine wirtschaftshistorische Forschungsagenda anhand preußischer Kreisdaten, Teil 1," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(23), pages 25-32, December.
  5. Maryam Dilmaghani, 2012. "Global financial crisis: dharmic transgressions and solutions," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(1), pages 55-80, January.
  6. Schaltegger, Christoph A. & Torgler, Benno, 2010. "Work ethic, Protestantism, and human capital," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 99-101, May.
  7. Saleh, Mohamed, 2013. "On the Road to Heaven: Self-Selection, Religion, and Socio-Economic Status," TSE Working Papers 13-428, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).

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