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The Competitive Impact of Hypermarket Retailers on Gasoline Prices

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  • Paul R. Zimmerman
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    Abstract

    Hypermarkets are large retail suppliers of general merchandise or grocery items that also sell gasoline, often at very low margins. This paper estimates the impact of hypermarkets on average state-level retail gasoline prices and margins. The empirical results indicate an economically and statistically significant price-decreasing effect of increased hypermarket competition. The estimations also suggest that refiners lower the delivered wholesale prices charged to their affiliated lessee-dealer and open-dealer stations in response to increased hypermarket competition, which in turn translates to lower retail (street) prices. The adoption of sales-below-cost laws may lessen the price-reducing effects from hypermarket competition.

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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/661194
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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/full/10.1086/661194
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal The Journal of Law and Economics.

    Volume (Year): 55 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 27 - 41

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlawec:doi:10.1086/661194

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JLE/

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    Cited by:
    1. Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick & Franck, Jens-Uwe, 2013. "Actions Speak Louder than Words: Econometric Evidence to Target Tacit Collusion in Oligopolistic Markets," Discussion Papers in Economics 16179, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    2. Gius, Mark, 2013. "Regulatory restrictions and energy: The impact of the Jones Act on spot gasoline prices," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1058-1063.

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