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What a Difference a Y makes-Female and Male Nascent Entrepreneurs in Germany

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  • Joachim Wagner

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Abstract

In western industrialized countries men are on average more than twice as active in entrepreneurship as women. Based on data from a recent representative survey of the adult population in Germany this paper uses an empirical model for the decision to become self-employed to test for differences between women and men in the ceteris paribus impact of several characteristics and attitudes, taking the rare events nature of becoming an entrepreneur into account. Furthermore, a non-parametric approach using Mahalanobis- distance matching of man and woman which are as similar as possible in all characteristics and attitudes but the “small difference” is used to investigate the difference in the propensity to become self-employed by sex. A core finding is that the difference between men and women in both the extent and the effect of considering fear of failure to be a reason not to start one’s own business is important for the explanation of the gap in entrepreneurship by sex. Copyright Springer 2007

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Small Business Economics.

Volume (Year): 28 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 1-21

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Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:28:y:2007:i:1:p:1-21

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100338

Related research

Keywords: differences in entrepreneurship by sex; Germany; Nascent entrepreneurs; J23;

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References

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  1. Cramer, J. S. & Hartog, J. & Jonker, N. & Van Praag, C. M., 2002. "Low risk aversion encourages the choice for entrepreneurship: an empirical test of a truism," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 29-36, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Backes-Gellner, Uschi & Moog, Petra, 2013. "The disposition to become an entrepreneur and the jacks-of-all-trades in social and human capital," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 55-72.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Nascent and infant entrepreneurs in Germany. Evidence from the Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor (REM)," Labor and Demography 0504010, EconWPA.
  3. Wagner, Joachim, 2004. "Nascent Entrepreneurs," IZA Discussion Papers 1293, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Der Noth gehorchend, nicht dem eignen Trieb Nascent Necessity and Opportunity Entrepreneurs in Germany Evidence from the Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor (REM)," Working Paper Series in Economics 10, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  5. Petra Moog & Uschi Backes-Gellner & Gldem Demirer, 2005. "Arbeitsrechtliche Regulierungen und ihr Einfluss auf Unternehmensgrndungen," Working Papers 0052, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU), revised Sep 2005.

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