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Gender differences in self-employment

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  • Yannis Georgellis
  • Howard J. Wall

Abstract

This paper examines the factors that influence transitions into self-employment, paying particular attention to gender differences. We find that: (i) men are more responsive to the wage differential between wage/salaried employment and self-employment; (ii) liquidity constraints are more important for men; and (iii) the link between father’s self-employment status and the probability of self-employment is stronger for men. Taken together, these results suggest that, for women, self-employment is a closer substitute for part-time work and labour market inactivity than it is for men. We attribute such differences to the different labour market opportunities and occupational strategies of women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in its series Working Papers with number 1999-008.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Publication status: Published in International Review of Applied Economics, July 2005, 19(3), pp. 321-42
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:1999-008

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Keywords: Employment (Economic theory) ; Labor market ; Germany;

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