The Self-Employment Choice in Portugal: How Different are Women from Men
AbstractFemale self-employment has been increasing steadily over the last years in many countries. However, not much is know about women?s decision to become self-employed, especially in Europe. Some few studies typically conclude that most women choose self-employment because it offers more flexibility to combine work and family responsibilities or because of discrimination. Portugal displays one of the highest rates of self-employment in Europe and is one of the countries where the number of self-employed women has increased more. This paper studies gender differences in the determinants of self-employment in Portugal. Unlike other countries, there is no evidence that women choose self-employment because of family reasons. However, there are some suggestions that the choice of self-employment is driven by economic necessity, particularly in the case of women.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal) in its series Economics Working Papers with number 3_2006.
Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Occupational Choice; Self-employment; Gender differences;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-02-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENT-2006-02-26 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-LAB-2006-02-26 (Labour Economics)
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- Maryia Akulava, 2012.
"Choice of Becoming Self-Employed in Belarus: Impact of Monetary Gains,"
BEROC Working Paper Series
18, Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC).
- Akulava Maryia, 2012. "Choice of becoming self-employed in Belarus: Impact of monetary gains," EERC Working Paper Series 12/09e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
- António B. Moniz, 2008. "The transformation of work? A quantitative evaluation of changes in work in Portugal," IET Working Papers Series 07/2008, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, IET/CESNOVA-Research on Enterprise and Work Innovation, Faculty of Science and Technology.
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