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Parents, peers, or school inputs: Which components of school outcomes are capitalized into house value?

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  • Brasington, David M.
  • Haurin, Donald R.

Abstract

Previous research has established that people bid more for houses in high-performing school districts. But what specific factors related to school outcomes influence house prices: the parents, the peers, or the school inputs? We study the extent that house values are affected by each of the components of an education production function. Based on 123 school districts and 26,000 house transactions, we find that parental inputs are the primary component of school outcomes that are capitalized into house prices. In the explanation of variations in house prices, variations in parental characteristics are at least seven times more important than similar variations in the influence of peer groups. We find no influence on house prices from variations in school inputs. This result suggests that land values in a particular community will be increased more by attention to zoning laws that influence the mix of renters to homeowners and the type of households entering a community compared to investing in additional public school inputs.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Regional Science and Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 39 (2009)
Issue (Month): 5 (September)
Pages: 523-529

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Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:39:y:2009:i:5:p:523-529

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/regec

Related research

Keywords: House prices Hedonic model Capitalization School quality Peer effects Parental inputs;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Stephen D. Oliner & Joseph B. Nichols & Michael R. Mulhall, 2012. "Swings in commercial and residential land prices in the United States," Working Papers 35088, American Enterprise Institute.
  2. Winters, John V, 2011. "Human Capital, Higher Education Institutions, and Quality of Life," MPRA Paper 28484, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Sofia N. Andreou & Panos Pashardes, 2012. "Consumers’ Valuation of Level and Egalitarian Education Attainment of Schools in England," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 10-2012, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
  4. Yadavalli, Anita P. & Florax, Raymond J.G.M., 2013. "The Effect of School Quality on House Prices: A Meta-Regression Analysis," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 151291, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  5. Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong & Yinger, John, 2011. "The capitalization of school quality into house values: A review," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 30-48, March.

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