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No cohort left behind?

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  • Babcock, Philip
  • Bedard, Kelly
  • Schulte, Jennifer

Abstract

Much of the debate over the allocation of education resources focuses on the alleged benefits of smallness—of classroom or school—and is based on evidence from small-scale studies. This paper reframes the question in terms of cohort size. Using national data, we find that a 10% increase in kindergarten enrollment yields a 0.5% increase in cohort shrinkage across early grade transitions, which implies that larger cohorts feature higher rates of retention. Consistent with previous work on class and school size in more restricted settings, this cohort-tracking exercise provides robust evidence at the national level that smallness confers benefits.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 71 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 347-354

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:71:y:2012:i:3:p:347-354

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

Related research

Keywords: Education; Class size; School size; Human capital;

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  1. Alan Krueger, 2000. "Economic Considerations and Class Size," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 826, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  2. Joshua D. Angrist & Victor Lavy, 1999. "Using Maimonides' Rule To Estimate The Effect Of Class Size On Scholastic Achievement," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 533-575, May.
  3. Akerhielm, Karen, 1995. "Does class size matter?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 229-241, September.
  4. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects Of Class Size On Student Achievement: New Evidence From Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285, November.
  5. Alan Krueger, 1997. "Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 758, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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