Which School Systems Sort Weaker Students into Smaller Classes? International Evidence
AbstractWe examine whether the sorting of differently achieving students into differently sized classes results in a regressive or compensatory pattern of class sizes for a sample of national school systems. Sorting effects are identified by subtracting the causal effect of class size on performance from their total correlation. Our empirical results indicate substantial compensatory sorting within and especially between schools in many countries. Only the United States, a country with decentralized education finance and considerable residential mobility, exhibits regressive between-school sorting. Between-school sorting is more compensatory in systems with ability tracking. Within-school sorting is more compensatory when administrators rather than teachers assign students to classrooms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 1054.
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
student sorting; class size; educational achievement; education;
Other versions of this item:
- West, Martin R. & Wo[beta]mann, Ludger, 2006. "Which school systems sort weaker students into smaller classes? International evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 944-968, December.
- West, Martin R. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2003. "Which School Systems Sort Weaker Students into Smaller Classes? International Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 744, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Martin R. West & Ludger WöÂßmann, 2003. "Which School Systems Sort Weaker Students into Smaller Classes? International Evidence," Kiel Working Papers 1145, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
- H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
- D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2004-05-02 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2004-05-02 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2004-05-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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