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European education production functions: what makes a difference for student achievement in Europe?

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  • Ludger W��mann

Abstract

This paper estimates the effects of family background, resources, and institutions on student performance in 17 Western European school systems. Family background has a strong effect in Europe, remarkably similar in size to the United States. France and Flemish Belgium achieve the most equitable performance for students from different family backgrounds, and Britain and Germany the least. Equality of opportunities is unrelated to countries' mean performance. Quantile regressions show little variation in family-background effects across the ability distribution. There is little evidence of substantial class-size effects, but slight evidence of effects of material shortage and teacher experience in some countries. Stronger evidence exists for effects of within-country variations in schools' hiring autonomy, testing, and homework. Â

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission in its series European Economy - Economic Papers with number 190.

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Length: 80 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:euf:ecopap:0190

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Keywords: educational production; student performance; Western Europe; family background; class size; school-system institutions; TIMSS; effect heterogeneity; equity-efficiency tradeoff; United States; W��mann;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Nicole Schneeweis & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2007. "Peer effects in Austrian schools," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 387-409, May.
  2. Larry Lawson, 2007. "The Economics of Experience-Based Higher Education," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 35(1), pages 23-31, March.
  3. Jakubowski, Maciej & Sakowski, Pawel, 2006. "Quasi-Experimental Estimates of Class Size Effect in Primary Schools in Poland," MPRA Paper 4958, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Livanos, Ilias, 2009. "The Relationship Between Higher Education and Labour Market in Greece: the Weakest Link?," MPRA Paper 16239, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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