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The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the United Kingdom

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  • Margaret Stevens
  • Kathryn Graddy

Abstract

In this article, we report the results of an empirical study of the impact of school inputs on pupils` performance in private (independent) schools in the United Kingdom. We use a new school-level panel dataset constructed from information provided by the Independent Schools Information Service (ISIS). We show a consistent negative relationship between the pupil-teacher ratio at a school and the average examination results at that school. Our estimates indicate that the relationship persists even when we are estimating added-value models conditional on previous exam results. The results are noteworthy in comparison with studies for the state sector, relatively few of which have found a consistent and significant effect.

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File URL: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/working_papers/paper146.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 146.

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Date of creation: 01 Feb 2003
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:146

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Related research

Keywords: school resources; exam performance; teacher-pupil ratio; private schools;

References

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  1. Edward P. Lazear, 2001. "Educational Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(3), pages 777-803, August.
  2. Hanushek, Eric A, 1992. "The Trade-Off between Child Quantity and Quality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(1), pages 84-117, February.
  3. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects Of Class Size On Student Achievement: New Evidence From Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285, November.
  4. repec:lan:wpaper:1016 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Bradley, Steve & Taylor, Jim, 1998. "The Effect of School Size on Exam Performance in Secondary Schools," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 60(3), pages 291-324, August.
  6. Boozer, Michael & Rouse, Cecilia, 2001. "Intraschool Variation in Class Size: Patterns and Implications," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 163-189, July.
  7. Krueger, Alan B & Whitmore, Diane M, 2001. "The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-Test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project STAR," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(468), pages 1-28, January.
  8. Alan B. Krueger, 2002. "Economic Considerations and Class Size," NBER Working Papers 8875, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Hanushek, E.A.omson, W., 1996. "Assessing the Effects of School Resources on Student Performance : An Update," RCER Working Papers 424, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  10. Lorraine Dearden & Javier Ferri & Costas Meghir, 2002. "The Effect Of School Quality On Educational Attainment And Wages," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 1-20, February.
  11. Alan Krueger, 1997. "Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 758, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  12. Eric A. Hanushek, . "The Evidence on Class Size," Wallis Working Papers, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy WP10, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy.
  13. Dustmann, Christian & Rajah, Najma & van Soest, Arthur, 2002. "Class Size, Education and Wages," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3397, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Joshua D. Angrist & Victor Lavy, 1999. "Using Maimonides' Rule To Estimate The Effect Of Class Size On Scholastic Achievement," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 533-575, May.
  15. Berrara, A., 1989. "The Interactive Effects Of Mother'S Schooling And Unsupplemented Breastfeeding On Child Health," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 572, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  16. repec:fth:prinin:447 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Sander, William, 1999. "Endogenous expenditures and student achievement," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 223-231, August.
  18. repec:lan:wpaper:1092 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. Akerhielm, Karen, 1995. "Does class size matter?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 229-241, September.
  20. Hanushek, Eric A., 2006. "School Resources," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier, Elsevier.
  21. Rosalind Levacic & Stephen Machin & David Reynolds & Anna Vignoles & James Walker, 2000. "The Relationship between Resource Allocation and Pupil Attainment: A Review," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0002, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Francis Green & Stephen Machin & Richard Murphy & Yu Zhu, 2012. "The Changing Economic Advantage from Private Schools," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 79(316), pages 658-679, October.
  2. Francis Green & Stephen Machin & Richard Murphy & Yu Zhu, 2008. "Competition for private and state school teachers," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0094, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  3. Debopam Bhattacharya & Shin Kanaya & Margaret Stevens, 2014. "Are University Admissions Academically Fair?," CREATES Research Papers 2014-06, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  4. Robert Cassen & Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, 2007. "Understanding low achievement in English schools," CASE Papers, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE /118, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
  5. Dahar, Muhammad Arshad & Dahar, Rashida Ahmad & Dahar, Riffat Tahira, 2009. "Mis-allocation of student teacher ratio, class size and per student expenditure leads to the wastage of school resource inputs and lower academic achievement: an issue of resource management," MPRA Paper 27835, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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