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Interest rate and the exchange rate: A non-monotonic tale

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  • Hnatkovska, Viktoria
  • Lahiri, Amartya
  • Vegh, Carlos A.

Abstract

For over 30years, the empirical international finance literature has been unable to detect a clear systematic relationship between interest rates and the nominal exchange rate. We take a fresh look at the data and uncover a new stylized fact for a cross-section of countries: the relationship between the exchange rate and short-term interest rates is non-monotonic. Small increases in the nominal interest rate appreciate the currency, whereas larger increases depreciate the currency. We develop a model that explains this stylized fact based on the interaction of three effects. Higher interest rates increase money demand and hence appreciate the currency but also raise the fiscal deficit and depress output, both of which tend to depreciate the currency. We provide cross-country evidence for the presence of these effects in the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 63 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 68-93

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:63:y:2013:i:c:p:68-93

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer

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Keywords: Interest rate policy; Flexible exchange rates; Currency;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nannette Lindenberg & Frank Westermann, 2009. "Common Trends and Common Cycles among Interest Rates of the G7-Countries," Working Papers 77, Institute of Empirical Economic Research.
  2. Cordella, Tito & Federico, Pablo & Vegh, Carlos & Vuletin, Guillermo, 2014. "Reserve requirements in the brave new macroprudential world," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6793, The World Bank.
  3. Javier Gómez Pineda, . "Inflation Targeting, Sudden Stops and the Cost of Fear of Floating," Borradores de Economia 276, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Carlos A. Vegh & Guillermo Vuletin, 2012. "Overcoming the Fear of Free Falling: Monetary Policy Graduation in Emerging Markets," NBER Working Papers 18175, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Nicholas Apergis & Arusha Cooray, 2013. "Forecasting fiscal variables: Only a strong growth plan can sustain the Greek austerity programs-Evidence from simultaneous and structural models," CAMA Working Papers 2013-25, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  6. Marcelo Moura, 2010. "Testing the Taylor Model Predictability for Exchange Rates in Latin America," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 547-564, September.
  7. Selim KAYHAN & Tayfur BAYAT & Ahmet UGUR, 2013. "Interest Rates and Exchange Rate Relationship in BRIC-T Countries," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 13(2), pages 227-236.
  8. Brahima Coulibaly, 2012. "Monetary policy in emerging market economies: what lessons from the global financial crisis?," International Finance Discussion Papers 1042, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

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