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The Adoption and Profitability of rbST on Connecticut Dairy Farms

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  • Jeremy D. Foltz
  • Hsiu-Hui Chang

Abstract

This work estimates Probit and Tobit models of the adoption of rbST on Connecticut dairy farms and then endogenizes that adoption in estimates of milk production and farm profit rates. The work improves on the current literature by allowing the rbST decision to be both continuous and contingent on other technology adoption decisions. The results show that larger farms, with more productivity technologies, and with younger, more educated farmers are more likely to adopt rbST. While rbST is shown to significantly increase milk production there is no evidence it increases profits on a per cow basis.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeremy D. Foltz & Hsiu-Hui Chang, 2001. "The Adoption and Profitability of rbST on Connecticut Dairy Farms," Food Marketing Policy Center Research Reports 055, University of Connecticut, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Charles J. Zwick Center for Food and Resource Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:zwi:fpcrep:055
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    File URL: http://fmpc.uconn.edu/publications/rr/rr55.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Saha Atanu & H. Alan Love & Robert Schwart, 1994. "Adoption of Emerging Technologies Under Output Uncertainty," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(4), pages 836-846.
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    3. Jeremy D. Foltz & Hsiu-Hui Chang, 2002. "The Adoption and Profitability of rbST on Connecticut Dairy Farms," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1021-1032.
    4. W. Lesser & John Bernard & Kaafee Billah, 1999. "Methodologies for ex ante projections of adoption rates for agbiotech products: Lessons learned from rBST," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 149-162.
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    6. Bradford L. Barham, 1996. "Adoption of a Politicized Technology: bST and Wisconsin Dairy Farmers," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(4), pages 1056-1063.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tauer, Loren W., 2003. "The Impact of recombinant bovine Somatotropin on Dairy Farm Profits: A Switching Regression Analysis," Working Papers 127241, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    2. Jeremy D. Foltz & Hsiu-Hui Chang, 2002. "The Adoption and Profitability of rbST on Connecticut Dairy Farms," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1021-1032.
    3. Barham, Bradford L. & Foltz, Jeremy D. & Moon, Sunung & Jackson-Smith, Douglas, 2002. "Rbst Use Among U.S. Dairy Farmers: A Comparative Analysis From 6 States," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19598, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    4. Oehmke, James F. & Wolf, Christopher A., 2002. "Technology Valuation Distributions With Heterogeneous Adopters," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19777, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    5. Fabienne Féménia & Elodie Letort, 2016. "How to achieve significant reduction in pesticide use? An empirical evaluation of the impacts of pesticide taxation associated to a change in cropping practice," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 16-02, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
    6. Sauer, Johannes & Zilberman, David, 2009. "Innovation Behaviour At Farm Level – Selection And Identification," 83rd Annual Conference, March 30-April 1, 2009, Dublin, Ireland 51073, Agricultural Economics Society.
    7. Qiangbing Chen & Yali Liu, 2011. "The Diffusion of a Process Innovation with Gently Declining Production Cost," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 109-129, June.
    8. Peter Slade & Getu Hailu, 2016. "Efficiency and regulation: a comparison of dairy farms in Ontario and New York State," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 103-115, February.
    9. Elliott, Lisa & Parcell, Joe & Patterson, David & Smith, Michael F. & Poock, Scott, 2013. "Factors Influencing Beef Reproductive Technology Adoption," Journal of the ASFMRA, American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers.
    10. Grisham, Elisabeth & Gillespie, Jeffrey M., 2007. "Record-Keeping Technology Adoption in the Louisiana Dairy Industry," 2007 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2007, Mobile, Alabama 34975, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    11. Femenia, Fabienne & Letort, Elodie, 2016. "How to significantly reduce pesticide use: An empirical evaluation of the impacts of pesticide taxation associated with a change in cropping practice," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 27-37.
    12. Andrew Barnes & Luiza Toma, 2012. "A typology of dairy farmer perceptions towards climate change," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 507-522, May.
    13. Caroline Roussy & Aude Ridier & Karim Chaïb, 2014. "Adoption d’innovations par les agriculteurs : rôle des perceptions et des préférences," Post-Print hal-01123427, HAL.
    14. Aldana, Ursula & Foltz, Jeremy D. & Barham, Bradford L. & Useche, Pilar, 2010. "The Sequential Adoption of Package Technologies: The Dynamics of Stacked Trait Corn Adoption," Staff Paper Series 556, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    15. Blazy, Jean-Marc & Carpentier, Alain & Thomas, Alban, 2011. "The willingness to adopt agro-ecological innovations: Application of choice modelling to Caribbean banana planters," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 140-150.
    16. Walton, Jonathan C. & Lambert, Dayton M. & Roberts, Roland K. & Larson, James A. & English, Burton C. & Larkin, Sherry L. & Martin, Steven W. & Marra, Michele C. & Paxton, Kenneth W. & Reeves, Jeanne , 2008. "Adoption and Abandonment of Precision Soil Sampling in Cotton Production," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 33(3), December.
    17. An, Henry, 2012. "Complementarities in Production Technologies: An Empirical Analysis of the Dairy Industry," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124653, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    18. McLeod, Elizabeth & Jensen, Kimberly & Griffith, Andrew & Lewis, Karen, 2017. "Tennessee Beef Producers' Willingness to Participate in a Tennessee Branded Beef Program," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252649, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    19. Wakeyo, Mekonnen B. & Gardebroek, Cornelis, 2013. "Does water harvesting induce fertilizer use among smallholders? Evidence from Ethiopia," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 54-63.
    20. Boaitey, Albert & Goddard, Ellen & Mohapatra, Sandeep & Hailu, Getu, 2014. "Cow-Calf Producer Risk Preference Impacts On Willingness To Pay For Sustainable Breeding Practices," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170231, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    21. Borchers, Allison M. & Xiarchos, Irene & Beckman, Jayson, 2014. "Determinants of wind and solar energy system adoption by U.S. farms: A multilevel modeling approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 106-115.
    22. Obubuafo, Joyce & Gillespie, Jeffrey M. & Paudel, Krishna P. & Kim, Seon-Ae, 2006. "Knowledge, Application and Adoption of Best Management Practices by Cattle Farmers under the Environmental Quality Incentives Program - A Sequential Analysis," 2006 Annual Meeting, February 5-8, 2006, Orlando, Florida 35307, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    23. Barham, Bradford L. & Jackson-Smith, Douglas & Moon, Sunung, 2002. "The Dynamics Of Agricultural Biotechnology Adoption: Lessons From Rbst Use In Wisconsin, 1994-2001," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19627, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    24. An, Henry, 2008. "The Adoption and Disadoption of Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin in the U.S. Dairy Industry," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6278, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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