IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zur/econwp/366.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Attaining autonomy in the empire: French governors between 1860 and 1960

Author

Listed:
  • Scott Viallet-Thévenin
  • Cédric Chambru

Abstract

This article builds on the concept of linked ecologies to present a study of the occupational careers of French colonial governors between 1830 and 1960. We consider empires as the by-product of social entities structuring themselves. Specifically, we analyse the process of empowerment of this emerging group with respect to other professional groups within the imperial space and the French metropolitan space. Using data on the career of 637 colonial governors between 1830 and 1960, we examine how variations in the recruitment of these high civil servants actually reflect the empowerment of this social entity. We rely on optimal matching technique to distinguish typical sequence models and identify ten common career trajectories that can be grouped in four main clusters. We further compare the share of each clusters in the population of governors over time and show that the rise of the colonial cluster during the Interwar period corresponded to the peak of the administrative autonomy in the colonial space. We argue that this process is consistent with the empowerment of the governors’ corps, which is embodied by a common career within the colonial administration and a collective identity as a group.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott Viallet-Thévenin & Cédric Chambru, 2020. "Attaining autonomy in the empire: French governors between 1860 and 1960," ECON - Working Papers 366, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:econwp:366
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp366.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Denis Cogneau & Yannick Dupraz & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2020. "Fiscal Capacity and Dualism in Colonial States : The French Empire 1830-1962," PSE Working Papers halshs-01818700, HAL.
    2. Mike Savage & Katherine Stovel & Peter Bearman, 2001. "Class Formation and Localism in an Emerging Bureaucracy: British Bank Workers, 1880–1960," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 284-300, June.
    3. Gabadinho, Alexis & Ritschard, Gilbert & Müller, Nicolas S & Studer, Matthias, 2011. "Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 40(i04).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Marcel Raab & Emanuela Struffolino, 2020. "The Heterogeneity of Partnership Trajectories to Childlessness in Germany," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 36(1), pages 53-70, March.
    2. Ekaterina Mitrofanova & Alyona Artamonova, 2016. "The perspectives of family policy in Russia amid increasing cohabitation," European Journal of Government and Economics, Europa Grande, vol. 5(1), pages 47-63, June.
    3. Joanne S. Muller & Nicole Hiekel & Aart C. Liefbroer, 2020. "The Long-Term Costs of Family Trajectories: Women’s Later-Life Employment and Earnings Across Europe," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 57(3), pages 1007-1034, June.
    4. Moehring, Katja & Weiland, Andreas & Reifenscheid, Maximiliane & Naumann, Elias & Wenz, Alexander & Rettig, Tobias & Krieger, Ulrich & Fikel, Marina & Cornesse, Carina & Blom, Annelies G., 2021. "Inequality in employment trajectories and their socio-economic consequences during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany," SocArXiv m95df, Center for Open Science.
    5. Marc A. Scott & Kaushik Mohan & Jacques‐Antoine Gauthier, 2020. "Model‐based clustering and analysis of life history data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 183(3), pages 1231-1251, June.
    6. Zwiers, Merle & Kleinhans, Reinout & van Ham, Maarten, 2015. "Divided Cities: Increasing Socio-Spatial Polarization within Large Cities in the Netherlands," IZA Discussion Papers 8882, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Devillanova, Carlo & Raitano, Michele & Struffolino, Emanuela, 2019. "Longitudinal employment trajectories and health in middle life: Insights from linked administrative and survey data," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1375-1412.
    8. Marcel Raab & Anette Fasang & Aleksi Karhula & Jani Erola, 2014. "Sibling Similarity in Family Formation," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 51(6), pages 2127-2154, December.
    9. Kleinepier, Tom & van Ham, Maarten, 2018. "The Temporal Dynamics of Neighborhood Disadvantage in Childhood and Subsequent Problem Behavior in Adolescence," IZA Discussion Papers 11397, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Facundo Alvaredo & Denis Cogneau & Thomas Piketty, 2020. "Income Inequality under Colonial Rule: Evidence from French Algeria, Cameroon, Tunisia, and Vietnam and comparisons with British colonies 1920-1960," World Inequality Lab Working Papers halshs-03022276, HAL.
    11. Daniel Ciganda, 2015. "Unstable work histories and fertility in France," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 32(28), pages 843-876.
    12. Michal Engelman & Heide Jackson, 2019. "Gradual Change, Homeostasis, and Punctuated Equilibrium: Reconsidering Patterns of Health in Later Life," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 56(6), pages 2323-2347, December.
    13. Kandt, Jens & Leak, Alistair, 2019. "Examining inclusive mobility through smartcard data: What shall we make of senior citizens' declining bus patronage in the West Midlands?," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 1-1.
    14. Van Winkle, Zachary & Fasang, Anette Eva, 2017. "Complexity in Employment Life Courses in Europe in the Twentieth Century—Large Cross-National Differences but Little Change across Birth Cohorts," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1-30.
    15. Lucas Chancel & Denis Cogneau & Amory Gethin & Alix Myczkowski, 2019. "How large are African inequalities? Towards Distributional National Accounts in Africa, 1990 - 2017," Working Papers hal-02876986, HAL.
    16. Zhelyazkova, N., 2014. "Discovering and explaining work-family strategies of parents in Luxembourg," MERIT Working Papers 2014-022, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    17. Mathias Voigt & Antonio Abellán & Julio Pérez & Diego Ramiro, 2020. "The effects of socioeconomic conditions on old-age mortality within shared disability pathways," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(9), pages 1-17, September.
    18. Pierre Pistre, 2016. "Recensements de la population pour l’étude des reprises démographiques et des migrations résidentielles dans l’espace peu dense (1975‑2011)," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 483(1), pages 151-178.
    19. Borgna, Camilla & Struffolino, Emanuela, 2018. "Unpacking Configurational Dynamics: Sequence Analysis and Qualitative Comparative Analysis as a Mixed-Method Design," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 167-184.
    20. Struffolino, Emanuela & Raitano, Michele, 2018. "Il divario generazionale nell’accesso al mercato del lavoro: differenziazione e destandardizzazione delle traiettorie d’ingresso," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 63-83.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    State employment decisions; empowerment; French colonial Empire; 19th century; 20th century;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
    • H83 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Public Administration
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • M51 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zur:econwp:366. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marita Kieser). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/seizhch.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.