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Desertifikation: zu den Schwierigkeiten der Implementation der UN-Konvention Fallstudie Nambia

  • Böhm, Nicole
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    Die Bekämpfung der Desertifikation hat sich die 1992 vereinbarte und 1994 in Kraft getretene Desertifikationskonvention, neben der Klimarahmen- und der Biodiversitätskonvention die dritte große Umweltkonvention, zum Ziel gesetzt. Ist zur Desertifikationsbekämpfung jedoch ein international verbindliches Vertragswerk zwingend erforderlich oder sind nationale und regionale Bemühungen diesbezüglich ausreichend? Kann eine solche Konvention einen effizienteren und effektiveren Beitrag zur Bekämpfung und Eindämmung von Degradierungsprozessen in Trockengebieten leisten als bisher unternommene Bemühungen im Bereich der bi- und multilateralen Zusammenarbeit? Diese Fragen stehen im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Arbeit. Sie scheinen v.a. deshalb berechtigt, als im Umwelt- und Ressourcenschutz bereits eine Vielzahl internationaler Absprachen, Deklarationen, Agenden und Verträge existieren, die teilweise mit einem hohen Verwaltungs-, Koordinierungs- und Finanzierungsaufwand verbunden sind, nachhaltige Erfolge jedoch in den meisten Fällen auch Jahre nach ihrer Ratifizierung nicht erkennen lassen.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Professorship Environmental Policy with number FS II 02-407.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbpep:fsii02407
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    1. International Monetary Fund, 1999. "Namibia; Statistical Appendix," IMF Staff Country Reports 99/9, International Monetary Fund.
    2. N/A, 1999. "Statistical Appendix," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 170(1), pages 106-115, October.
    3. N/A, 1999. "Statistical Appendix," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 169(1), pages 111-120, July.
    4. N/A, 1999. "Statistical Appendix," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 167(1), pages 118-127, January.
    5. N/A, 1999. "Statistical Appendix," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 168(1), pages 117-126, April.
    6. Thampapillai, Dodo J. & Anderson, Jock R., 1994. "A Review of the Socio-Economic Analysis of Soil Degradation Problems for Developed and Developing Countries," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 62(03), December.
    7. Templeton, Scott R. & Scherr, Sara J., 1997. "Population pressure and the microeconomy of land management in hills and mountains of developing countries:," EPTD discussion papers 26, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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