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Verteilungseffekte im Klimaschutz-Prozeß

  • Schmidt, Holger
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    Das von nahezu allen Ländern der Erde (bei der UNCED-Konferenz in Rio de Janeiro) akzeptierte Ziel des Klimaschutz-Prozesses lautet, ' ... die Stabilisierung der Treibhausgas-Konzentrationen in der Atmosphäre auf einem Niveau zu erreichen, auf dem eine gefährliche anthropogene Störung des Klimasystems verhindert wird. Ein solches Niveau sollte innerhalb eines Zeitraumes erreicht werden, der ausreicht, damit sich die Ökosysteme auf natürliche Weise an die Klimaänderungen anpassen können, die Nahrungsmittelerzeugung nicht bedroht wird und die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung auf nachhaltige Weise fortgeführt werden kann.' (Art. 2 des Rahmenübereinkommens der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen [Klimarahmenkonvention])1. Seit der Akzeptanz dieses Zieles sind mehr als drei Jahre vergangen, doch im Klimaschutz sind seitdem keine wesentlichen Fortschritte erzielt worden. Trotz überwiegend positiver Absichtserklärungen der beteiligten Länder blieb die 1. Konferenz der Unterzeichnerstaaten der Klimarahmenkonvention in Berlin im Frühjahr 1995 ohne greifbares Ergebnis. Im Gegenteil drängte sich der Eindruck auf, inzwischen gehe vielen Ländern das in Rio de Janeiro ausgehandelte Klimaschutz-Ziel zu weit.

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    Paper provided by Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Development Economics with number 18.

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    Date of creation: 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:jluide:18
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    1. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 1994. "Endogenous Innovation in the Theory of Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 23-44, Winter.
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    4. Markusen James R. & Morey Edward R. & Olewiler Nancy D., 1993. "Environmental Policy when Market Structure and Plant Locations Are Endogenous," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 69-86, January.
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    8. Eyckmans, Johan & Proost, Stef & Schokkaert, Erik, 1993. "Efficiency and Distribution in Greenhouse Negotiations," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 363-97.
    9. Perroni, Carlo & Rutherford, Thomas F, 1993. " International Trade in Carbon Emission Rights and Basic Materials: General Equilibrium Calculations for 2020," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(3), pages 257-78.
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