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External drivers of institutional change in Central Asia: Regional integration schemes and the role of Russia and China

Author

Listed:
  • Schweickert, Rainer
  • Melnykovska, Inna
  • Plamper, Hedwig

Abstract

Russia and China are assumed to challenge democratization and to promote autocracy. In a first step, we analyze Central Asia as the most-likely case, considering both Russia and China as relevant external actors. We develop a concept for our analysis based on the different strategies of Russia (dominance) and China (doing-business) towards the region and present the results of a qualitative study of the main dimensions of autocracy promotion with respect to regional and bilateral schemes. In a second step, we extend a previous framework (Melnykovska and Schweickert 2011) and provide econometric evidence based on a panel of post-socialist countries. We show that bilateral schems are (still) more relevant for external influences in Central Asia and that (unintentionally) China's doing-business approach may in fact promote institutional change. Arguably, democratization should not be a precondition for cooperation as in European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) but rather be promoted by sweeping economic cooperation incentives.

Suggested Citation

  • Schweickert, Rainer & Melnykovska, Inna & Plamper, Hedwig, 2012. "External drivers of institutional change in Central Asia: Regional integration schemes and the role of Russia and China," Kiel Working Papers 1763, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1763
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rainer Schweickert & Inna Melnykovska & Ansgar Belke & Ingo Bordon, 2011. "Prospective NATO or EU membership and institutional change in transition countries," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 19(4), pages 667-692, October.
    2. Libman, Alexander & Vinokurov, Evgeny, 2010. "Is it really different? Patterns of regionalization in the post-Soviet Central Asia," MPRA Paper 21062, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Inna Melnykovska & Rainer Schweickert, 2011. "Nato As An External Driver Of Institutional Change In Post-Communist Countries," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 279-297.
    4. Sherzod Shadikhodjaev, 2008. "Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) : Legal Aspects of Regional Trade Integration," Trade Working Papers 22994, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. World Bank, 2011. "World Development Indicators 2011," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2315.
    6. Andrea Gawrich & Inna Melnykovska & Rainer Schweickert, 2010. "Neighbourhood Europeanization through ENP: The Case of Ukraine," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48, pages 1209-1235, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central Asia; China; Russia; governance; regional integration; trade; minorities; military threat;

    JEL classification:

    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
    • F59 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Other

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