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Prospective NATO or EU Membership and Institutional Change in Transition Countries

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  • Ansgar Belke
  • Ingo Bordon
  • Inna Melnykovska
  • Rainer Schweickert

Abstract

This paper quantifies the impact of incentives related to potential membership on institutional change as measured by the World Bank Governance Indicators (WBGI). Based on a panel of 25 transition countries for the period from 1996 to 2008 we show that pre-accession incentives provided by EU and NATO clearly matter for institutional development. In addition, path-dependency determined by cultural norms may be overcome by economic liberalization while foreign aid seems to hamper institutional development.

Suggested Citation

  • Ansgar Belke & Ingo Bordon & Inna Melnykovska & Rainer Schweickert, 2009. "Prospective NATO or EU Membership and Institutional Change in Transition Countries," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 915, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp915
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    2. Schönfelder, Nina & Wagner, Helmut, 2015. "The impact of European integration on institutional development," MPRA Paper 63392, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Matuszak Piotr, 2020. "What determines the scale of state ownership in enterprises? Some evidence from post-socialist countries," Economics and Business Review, Sciendo, vol. 6(4), pages 95-117, December.
    4. Leon Podkaminer, 2013. "Development Patterns of Central and East European Countries (in the course of transition and following EU accession)," wiiw Research Reports 388, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    5. Eydam, Ulrich & Gabriadze, Irakli, 2018. "Institutional development in Transition Economies - The role of institutional experience," MPRA Paper 87395, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Danko Tarabar & Andrew T. Young, 2017. "Liberalizing Reforms and the European Union: Accession, Membership, and Convergence," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 83(4), pages 932-951, April.
    7. Inna Melnykovska & Rainer Schweickert, 2011. "Nato As An External Driver Of Institutional Change In Post-Communist Countries," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 279-297.
    8. Ansgar Belke & Lukas Vogel, 2015. "Monetary commitment and structural reforms: a dynamic panel analysis for transition economies," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 375-392, September.
    9. Szczygielski, Krzysztof & Grabowski, Wojciech & Pamukcu, Mehmet Teoman & Tandogan, Vedat Sinan, 2017. "Does government support for private innovation matter? Firm-level evidence from two catching-up countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 219-237.
    10. Kishor, Narayan K. & Neanidis, Kyriakos C., 2015. "What Is Driving Financial Dollarization In Transition Economies? A Dynamic Factor Analysis," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(4), pages 816-835, June.
    11. Savelin, Li & Alvarez Orviz, Roberto, 2017. "Benchmarking institutional and structural indicators in EU candidate and potential candidate countries," Occasional Paper Series 184, European Central Bank.
    12. Balsmeier, Benjamin & Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2014. "How important is industry-specific managerial experience for innovative firm performance?," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-011, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    13. Rainer Schweickert & Inna Melnykovska & Hanno Heitmann, 2012. "Picking Winners? Evidence on NATO’s Enlargement Strategy," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 18(3), pages 570-585, March.
    14. Schweickert, Rainer & Melnykovska, Inna & Heitmann, Hanno, 2012. "Beyond security, towards institution building: The case of NATO-Macedonia relations," Kiel Working Papers 1757, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    15. Askarov, Zohid & Doucouliagos, Hristos, 2015. "Aid and institutions in transition economies," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 55-70.
    16. Ansgar Belke & Lukas Vogel, 2012. "Monetary Commitment and Structural Reforms – A Dynamic Panel Analysis for Transition Economies," Ruhr Economic Papers 0347, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    17. Salamatu Bellah Conteh & Yuan Yijun & Brima Sesay, 2021. "Economic Growth Effects of the Interaction of Trade Openness and Institutions Quality: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 11(1), pages 34-48.
    18. Schweickert, Rainer & Melnykovska, Inna & Heitmann, Hanno, 2010. "Accession incentives for institutional change in post-socialist countries: cross-section and country evidence from NATO enlargement," Kiel Working Papers 1597, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    19. Schweickert, Rainer & Melnykovska, Inna & Plamper, Hedwig, 2012. "External drivers of institutional change in Central Asia: Regional integration schemes and the role of Russia and China," Kiel Working Papers 1763, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    20. repec:zbw:rwirep:0347 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Uwe Böwer & Alessandro Turrini, 2009. "EU accession: A road to fast-track convergence?," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 393, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU; NATO; Transition Economies; Institutional Change; Governance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F50 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - General
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
    • P30 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - General
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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