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Foreign direct investment, competition and industry performance

Author

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  • Bitzer, Jürgen
  • Görg, Holger

Abstract

This paper investigates the productivity effects of inward and outward foreign direct investment using industry and country level data for 17 OECD countries over the period 1973 to 2001. Controlling for national and international knowledge spillovers we argue that effects of FDI work through direct compositional effects as well as changing competition in the host country. Our results show that there are, on average, productivity benefits from inward FDI, although we can identify a number of countries which, on aggregate, do not appear to benefit in terms of productivity. On the other hand, a country's stock of outward FDI is, on average, negatively related to productivity. however, again there is substantial heterogeneity in the effect across OECD countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Bitzer, Jürgen & Görg, Holger, 2008. "Foreign direct investment, competition and industry performance," Kiel Working Papers 1416, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1416
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inward FDI; Outward FDI; Productivity; Competition; Foreign direct investment;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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