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Monetary interest rates, income shares, and investment: Theory and empirical evidence for France, Germany, the UK, and the USA

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  • Hein, Eckhard
  • Ochsen, Carsten

Abstract

Monetary analysis requires the introduction of monetary variables into the determination of the equilibrium values of real variables such as production, income, distribution, and accumulation. Contrary to Keynes's research program of a 'monetary theory of production', neither the older post-Keynesian models of growth and distribution (Kaldor, J. Robinson) nor the models based on the work by Kalecki and Steindl take account of monetary variables in a sufficient way. Starting from a Kaleckian effective demand model by Bhaduri & Marglin, the first part of this paper deals with the effects of an exogenous variation in the monetary interest rate on the real equilibrium position of the economic system. Different regimes of accumulation are derived and it is shown that a negative relation between the interest rate and the equilibrium rates of capacity utilisation, accumulation and profit usually expected in post-Keynesian theory only exists under special conditions. The second part of the paper applies the model to the data of some major OECD-countries and studies the effects of the monetary interest rate on distribution and investment within different regimes of accumulation, the 'golden age'- and the 'post-golden-age'-'social structure of accumulation'. This discussion also gives an explanation for stagnating capital formation and rising unemployment since the mid 1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Hein, Eckhard & Ochsen, Carsten, 2000. "Monetary interest rates, income shares, and investment: Theory and empirical evidence for France, Germany, the UK, and the USA," Violette Reihe: Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung" 11/2000, University of Hohenheim, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Evangelisches Studienwerk.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hohpro:112000
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    Cited by:

    1. Hein, Eckhard, 2001. "Institutions and macroeconomic performance: Central bank independence, labour market institutions and the perspectives for inflation and employment in the European Monetary Union," WSI Working Papers 95, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans Böckler Foundation.
    2. Hein, Eckhard, 2002. "Money, interest, and capital accumulation in Karl Marx's economics: A monetary interpretation," WSI Working Papers 102, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans Böckler Foundation.
    3. Eckhard Hein, 2005. "Money, Interest, and Capital Accumulation in Karl Marx’s," Method and Hist of Econ Thought 0501002, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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