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Ertragsabhängige und ertragsunabhängige Steuern
[Income-dependent and income-independent taxation]

Author

Listed:
  • Fuest, Clemens
  • Thöne, Michael
  • Glasmacher, Gregor

Abstract

Die Studie beschäftigt sich mit dem Verhältnis ertragsabhängiger und ertragsunabhängiger Steuern in Deutschland und in der OECD. Üblich ist die Unterscheidung zwischen direkten und indirekten Steuern. Abweichend davon orientieren wir uns an der Frage, in welchem Ausmaß die Besteuerung von im Ertragssinne produktiven Aktivitäten abhängt und welche Rolle andere, ertragsunabhängige Steuern spielen. Die EA-EUAPerspektive ermöglich zusätzliche Einsichten, wenn Steuersysteme auf ihre Wachstumsfreundlichkeit und Effizienz untersucht werden sollen Der Bericht untersucht die allgemeinen Charakteristika, die Systematik und die relativen Stärken und Schwächen ertragsabhängiger und ertragsunabhängiger Besteuerung, sowohl mit Blick auf das gesamte Steuersystem als auch hinsichtlich der Einzelsteuern. Vor dem Hintergrund der steuerpolitischen Diskussion in Deutschland stehen dabei Erbschaftsteuer und Körperschaftsteuer im Mittelpunkt. Für die KSt modifizieren wir den üblichen Devereux/ Griffith-Ansatz effektiver Steuerbelastung so, dass einkommensunabhängige Elemente innerhalb von EA-Steuern analysiert werden können. Wir simulieren die Zunahme von EUA-Elementen auf zwei Wegen; über einen graduellen Ausbau der Hinzurechnung von Zinsen und über eine graduelle Verschlechterung der Abschreibungsmöglichkeiten. Wir zeigen, dass die Stärkung einkommensunabhängiger Elemente in der Unternehmensbesteuerung asymmetrische Wirkungen für verschiedene Investitionen hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Fuest, Clemens & Thöne, Michael & Glasmacher, Gregor, 2008. "Ertragsabhängige und ertragsunabhängige Steuern [Income-dependent and income-independent taxation]," FiFo Reports - FiFo-Berichte 10, University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fifore:10
    Note: Forschungsauftrag Nr. 21/06 des Bundesministeriums der Finanzen
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ertragsabhängige Steuern; ertragsunabhängige Steuern; Steuersystem; Steuerwettbewerb; Income-dependent taxes; income-independent taxes; tax system; tax competition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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