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Societal Change, Care Need and Long-Term Care Workforce in Selected European Countries


  • Schulz, Erika
  • Geyer, Johannes


This paper aims to show the impact of societal change on the demand and supply of long-term care workforce. As age is the major driver of the need for care the growth in the number of elderly and oldest old will increase the demand for long-term care workforce. Caregiving to the elderly is predominantly the task of the family in almost all European countries. However, the majority of European countries provide some kind of formal care either in institutions, at home or as cash benefits. The amount of provided publicly financed long-term care services and the required formal workforce spread widely across the European countries depending on the long-term care system and the financial resources. We selected five countries: Denmark, Germany, Italy, Poland and Slovakia which represent different long-term care systems and financial resources. In all studied countries the demand for long-term care workforce will increase significantly. Although also the informal care giving potential aged 50+ is expected to increase, the increase in the demand for formal care workforce is projected to be higher than the supply. The current shortage of nursing and caring personnel will be strengthened. This requires an expansion of recruitment and retention strategies.

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  • Schulz, Erika & Geyer, Johannes, 2013. "Societal Change, Care Need and Long-Term Care Workforce in Selected European Countries," EconStor Preprints 128602, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:128602

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Erika Schulz, 2012. "Pflegemarkt: drohendem Arbeitskräftemangel kann entgegengewirkt werden," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(51/52), pages 3-17.
    2. Angermann, Annette & Eichhorst, Werner, 2013. "Who Cares for You at Home? Personal and Household Services in Europe," IZA Policy Papers 71, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Gaétan Lafortune & Gaëlle Balestat, 2007. "Trends in Severe Disability Among Elderly People: Assessing the Evidence in 12 OECD Countries and the Future Implications," OECD Health Working Papers 26, OECD Publishing.
    4. Laura Crespo & Pedro Mira, 2014. "Caregiving to Elderly Parents and Employment Status of European Mature Women," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(4), pages 693-709, October.
    5. Rie Fujisawa & Francesca Colombo, 2009. "The Long-Term Care Workforce: Overview and Strategies to Adapt Supply to a Growing Demand," OECD Health Working Papers 44, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Schulz, Erika & Radvansky, Marek, 2014. "Impact of Ageing Populations on Silver Economy, Health and Long-Term Care Workforce," EconStor Preprints 128604, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.

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