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Der steinige Weg von der Theorie in die Praxis des Emissionshandels: Die EU-Richtlinie zum CO2-Emissions-handel und ihre nationale Umsetzung

  • Graichen, Patrick
  • Requate, Till

In diesem Papier wollen wir zum einen kurz die Stärken und Schwächen der EU-Direktive aufzeigen. Zum anderen wollen wir einige offene Fragen diskutieren, die bei der Umsetzung des Emissionshandels auf nationaler Ebene – insbesondere bei der Aufstellung des nationalen Allokationsplans – eine Rolle spielen. Dabei sollen auch die Vorschläge analysiert werden, die von der ?Arbeitsgruppe Emissionshandel? der deutschen Bundesregierung beraten werden. 2 Insbesondere untersuchen wir die verschiedenen zur Zeit diskutierten Allokationsregeln, die man in Output- und Emissions-basierte Regeln einteilen kann, im Hinblick auf ihre ökonomische Effizienz. Wie argumentieren, dass nur eine Zuteilung der Emissionsrechte durch Auktionierung oder ein konsequentes Grandfathering, das ausschließlich auf historischen Emissionen basiert, Verzerrungen vermeidet. Für ökonomisch fragwürdig halten wir auch die derzeitig diskutierten Vorschläge, Unternehmen nach Betriebsstilllegung ihrer Emissionszertifikate zu enteignen und Newcomer mit kostenlosen Emissionsrechten auszustatten. Weiterhin diskutieren wir mögliche Kollisionen des Emissionshandels mit anderen Instrumenten wie der Ökosteuer sowie der Förderung erneuerbarer Energien und der Kraftwärmekopplung.

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Paper provided by Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2003,08.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:852
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  1. Copeland, Brian R & Taylor, M Scott, 1995. "Trade and Transboundary Pollution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 716-37, September.
  2. Spulber, Daniel F., 1985. "Effluent regulation and long-run optimality," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 103-116, June.
  3. Böhringer, Christoph & Lange, Andreas, 2003. "On the Design of Optimal Grandfathering Schemes for Emission Allowances," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-08, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Gersbach, Hans & Requate, Till, 2004. "Emission taxes and optimal refunding schemes," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(3-4), pages 713-725, March.
  5. Roberts, Marc J. & Spence, Michael, 1976. "Effluent charges and licenses under uncertainty," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 193-208.
  6. Gagelmann, Frank & Hansjürgens, Bernd, 2002. "Der neue CO2-Emissionshandel in der EU," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 82(4), pages 226-234.
  7. Unold, Wolfram & Requate, Till, 2001. "Pollution control by options trading," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(3), pages 353-358, December.
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