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A robust bootstrap approach to the Hausman test in stationary panel data models

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  • Herwartz, Helmut
  • Neumann, Michael H.

Abstract

In panel data econometrics the Hausman test is of central importance to select an e?cient estimator of the models' slope parameters. When testing the null hypothesis of no correlation between unobserved heterogeneity and observable explanatory variables by means of the Hausman test model disturbances are typically assumed to be independent and identically distributed over the time and the cross section dimension. The test statistic lacks pivotalness in case the iid assumption is violated. GLS based variants of the test statistic are suitable to overcome the impact of nuisance parameters on the asymptotic distribution of the Hausman statistic. Such test statistics, however, also build upon strong homogeneity restrictions that might not be met by empirical data. We propose a bootstrap approach to specification testing in panel data models which is robust under cross sectional or time heteroskedasticity and inhomogeneous patterns of serial correlation. A Monte Carlo study shows that in small samples the bootstrap approach outperforms inference based on critical values that are taken from a X?-distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Herwartz, Helmut & Neumann, Michael H., 2007. "A robust bootstrap approach to the Hausman test in stationary panel data models," Economics Working Papers 2007-29, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:6798
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Herwartz, Helmut & Neumann, Michael H., 2005. "Bootstrap inference in systems of single equation error correction models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 128(1), pages 165-193, September.
    2. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
    3. Seung Chan Ahn & Hyungsik Roger Moon, 2001. "Large-N and Large-T Properties of Panel Data Estimators and the Hausman Test," 10th International Conference on Panel Data, Berlin, July 5-6, 2002 A6-2, International Conferences on Panel Data.
    4. Baltagi, Badi H. & Griffin, James M., 1983. "Gasoline demand in the OECD : An application of pooling and testing procedures," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 117-137, July.
    5. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1971. "The Estimation of the Variances in a Variance-Components Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 12(1), pages 1-13, February.
    6. Bollerslev, Tim & Chou, Ray Y. & Kroner, Kenneth F., 1992. "ARCH modeling in finance : A review of the theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1-2), pages 5-59.
    7. Baltagi, Badi H & Pinnoi, Nat, 1995. "Public Capital Stock and State Productivity Growth: Further Evidence from an Error Components Model," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 351-359.
    8. Badi H. Baltagi & Chihwa Kao, 2000. "Nonstationary Panels, Cointegration in Panels and Dynamic Panels: A Survey," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 16, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hausman test; random effects model; wild bootstrap; heteroskedasticity;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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