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Portfolioallokation: Einbezug verschiedener Assetklassen

  • Herz, Christian
  • Neunert, Daniela
  • Will, Sebastian
  • Wolf, Niko J.
  • Zwick, Tobias
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    Die Stabilität der Europäischen Währungsunion ist durch die derzeit angespannte Haushaltslage und den hohen Verschuldungsgrad einiger Mitgliedstaaten in Frage gestellt. Diese Arbeit untersucht die Auswirkungen verschiedener (Krisen-)Szenarien auf das Portfolio eines durchschnittlichen deutschen Privatanlegers. Zum Zweck der Anlageoptimierung wird die Entwicklung des varianzminimalen Portfoliooptimierungsansatzes nach Markowitz und einer Gleichgewichtungsmethode (1/n-Heuristik) mit fünf ausgewählten Anlageklassen analysiert. Anschließend werden die Entwicklungen der Portfolios über verschiedene Zeiträume für drei vergangenheitsorientierte Szenarien betrachtet. Im Ergebnis kann festgestellt werden, dass das heuristische Portfolio und das Minimum-Varianz-Portfolio (MVP) die durchschnittlichen Privatanlegerportfolios im Bad-Case-Szenario sowohl in Bezug auf die Rendite als auch auf die Volatilität dominieren. Da die untersuchten Privatanlegerportfolios exklusiv aus Aktien- und Rentenwerten bestehen, weisen sie im Good-Case- und Mid-Case-Szenario höhere Renditen als die Benchmark-Portfolios, aber gleichzeitig auch eine höhere Volatilität auf. Insgesamt kann abgeleitet werden, dass eine Anlage in Gold und insbesondere in Währungen die Portfolios stabilisiert. Die Darstellung eines Portfolios mit geringer Volatilität könnte daher vereinfachend und transparent mittels des heuristischen Portfolios umgesetzt werden.

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    Paper provided by University of Bayreuth, Chair of Finance and Banking in its series Bayreuth Working Papers on Finance, Accounting and Taxation (FAcT-Papers) with number 2012-01.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:bayfat:201201
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth
    Web page: http://www.fiba.uni-bayreuth.de/de/index.html

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    1. Marcus Miller & Pongsak Luangaram, 1998. "Financial crisis in East Asia: bank runs, asset bubbles and antidotes," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 165(1), pages 66-82, July.
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