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Portfolioallokation: Einbezug verschiedener Assetklassen

Author

Listed:
  • Herz, Christian
  • Neunert, Daniela
  • Will, Sebastian
  • Wolf, Niko J.
  • Zwick, Tobias

Abstract

Die Stabilität der Europäischen Währungsunion ist durch die derzeit angespannte Haushaltslage und den hohen Verschuldungsgrad einiger Mitgliedstaaten in Frage gestellt. Diese Arbeit untersucht die Auswirkungen verschiedener (Krisen-)Szenarien auf das Portfolio eines durchschnittlichen deutschen Privatanlegers. Zum Zweck der Anlageoptimierung wird die Entwicklung des varianzminimalen Portfoliooptimierungsansatzes nach Markowitz und einer Gleichgewichtungsmethode (1/n-Heuristik) mit fünf ausgewählten Anlageklassen analysiert. Anschließend werden die Entwicklungen der Portfolios über verschiedene Zeiträume für drei vergangenheitsorientierte Szenarien betrachtet. Im Ergebnis kann festgestellt werden, dass das heuristische Portfolio und das Minimum-Varianz-Portfolio (MVP) die durchschnittlichen Privatanlegerportfolios im Bad-Case-Szenario sowohl in Bezug auf die Rendite als auch auf die Volatilität dominieren. Da die untersuchten Privatanlegerportfolios exklusiv aus Aktien- und Rentenwerten bestehen, weisen sie im Good-Case- und Mid-Case-Szenario höhere Renditen als die Benchmark-Portfolios, aber gleichzeitig auch eine höhere Volatilität auf. Insgesamt kann abgeleitet werden, dass eine Anlage in Gold und insbesondere in Währungen die Portfolios stabilisiert. Die Darstellung eines Portfolios mit geringer Volatilität könnte daher vereinfachend und transparent mittels des heuristischen Portfolios umgesetzt werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Herz, Christian & Neunert, Daniela & Will, Sebastian & Wolf, Niko J. & Zwick, Tobias, 2012. "Portfolioallokation: Einbezug verschiedener Assetklassen," Bayreuth Working Papers on Finance, Accounting and Taxation (FAcT-Papers) 2012-01, University of Bayreuth, Chair of Finance and Banking.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bayfat:201201
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Portfolio Management; Asset Allocation; Private Geldanlage; Risikominimierung;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing

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