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Neuer Paternalismus und individuelle Rationalität: eine ordnungsökonomische Perspektive

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  • Schnellenbach, Jan

Abstract

In den letzten Jahren hat sich ein breiter Literaturstrang etabliert, der neue Formen paternalistischer Interventionen vorschlägt, um individuelle Entscheidungen zu verbessern, die nicht vollständig rational sind. Die Motivation hierfür liegt in zahlreichen Verhaltensanomalien und anderen Abweichungen vom Modell vollständiger Rationalität, die von der empirischen Verhaltensökonomik identifiziert wurden. Der neue Paternalismus zeichnet sich nach seinen Befürwortern dadurch aus, dass er 'libertär' ist, da die betroffenen Individuen in die als effizient erachtete Richtung geschubst, aber nicht gezwungen werden. Die Möglichkeit zu abweichendem Verhalten soll grundsätzlich erhalten bleiben. In diesem Papier wird der neue Paternalismus aus einer ordnungsökonomischen Perspektive untersucht. Es wird gezeigt, dass wichtige Varianten des neuen Paternalismus mit den ordnungsökonomischen Steuerungsidealen der Konsumentensouveränität und der Bürgersouveränität kollidieren.

Suggested Citation

  • Schnellenbach, Jan, 2014. "Neuer Paternalismus und individuelle Rationalität: eine ordnungsökonomische Perspektive," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 14/08, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:aluord:1408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Goldschmidt, Nils, 2005. "Ist Gier gut? Ökonomisches Selbstinteresse zwischen Maßlosigkeit und Bescheidenheit," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 05/10, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
    2. Vanberg, Viktor J., 2005. "Das Paradoxon der Marktwirtschaft: Die Verfassung des Marktes und das Problem der "sozialen Sicherheit"," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 05/5, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
    3. Viktor Vanberg, 2007. "Corporate social responsibility and the ‘game of catallaxy’: the perspective of constitutional economics," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 199-222, September.
    4. Vanberg, Viktor J., 2005. "Auch Staaten tut Wettbewerb gut: Eine Replik auf Paul Kirchhof," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 05/2, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
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    Cited by:

    1. Klump Rainer & Wörsdörfer Manuel, 2015. "Paternalistic Economic Policies: Foundations, Implications and Critical Evaluations," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 66(1), pages 27-60, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Paternalismus; Ordnungsökonomik; Verhaltensökonomik; Rationalitätsdefizite;

    JEL classification:

    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation
    • D18 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Protection
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • Z18 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Public Policy

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