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La inversión extranjera directa en los países del Maghreb en el marco de la Asociación Euromediterránea: ¿el eslabón perdido?

  • Iván Martín

    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

Uno de los principales beneficios esperados de la creación en 1995 de la Asociación Euromediterránea entre la Unión Europea y doce países del Sur y del Este del Mediterráneo era un aumento significativo de los flujos de inversión extranjera directa hacia estos últimos; además, la IED constituye un eslabón fundamental para el éxito de las estrategias de desarrollo aplicadas por estos países en los últimos quince años, así como para hacer frente a los costes económicos y sociales de la futura Zona de Libre Comercio Euromediterránea. Sin embargo, cinco años después los países del Maghreb (Argelia, Marruecos y Túnez) no han visto materializarse ese aumento. En el artículo, se ofrece un marco de análisis sobre los determinantes de la IED en los países del Maghreb que permite explorar su posible evolución en el futuro en función de distintos escenarios. Como conclusión, sólo la integración de mercados entre los tres países del Maghreb y la adopción de estrategias activas de fomento de la inversión que complementen la liberalización de mercados en el marco de la Asociación Euromediterránea pueden impulsar los niveles de IED en la región.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Trade with number 0405001.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 01 May 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0405001
Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 38. Publicado en 'Revista de Economía Mundial' nº 4, 2001, pp. 175-206. An English version can be downloaded at
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  1. Magnus Blomstrom & Ari Kokko, 1997. "Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Working Papers 6019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Djankov, Simeon & Hoekman, Bernard, 1995. "Catching Up With Eastern Europe? The European Union's Mediterranean Free Trade Initiative," CEPR Discussion Papers 1300, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Carsten Kowalczyk & Ronald J. Wonnacott, 1992. "Hubs and Spokes, and Free Trade in the Americas," NBER Working Papers 4198, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Peter A. Petri, 1997. "The Case of Missing Foreign Investment in the Southern Mediterranean," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 128, OECD Publishing.
  5. Deardorff, A.V. & Brown, D.K. & Stern, R.M., 1996. "Some Economic Effects of the Free Trade Agreement Between Tunisia and the European Union," Working Papers 385, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  6. Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Regional integration agreements - a force for convergence or divergence?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2260, The World Bank.
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