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The Case of Missing Foreign Investment in the Southern Mediterranean

  • Peter A. Petri

The developing countries of the Southern Mediterranean (SOM) have missed the extraordinary surge of private international investment in recent years. Although the SOM region was an important destination for foreign direct investments, its share of world FDI has declined. In 1994, private capital represented only 37 per cent of the SOM’s capital inflows (of which nearly all went to Egypt and Morocco) compared to 76 per cent for all developing countries. There is great potential for expanding foreign investment in the region. Comparative econometric exercises in the study also suggest large gaps between actual inflows into SOM and into similar economies elsewhere. Moreover, the region’s history of emigration and capital flight have created a pool of resources that could quickly respond to opportunities. This paper identifies a cluster of policy initiatives that could help increase private capital inflows: domestic measures — including privatisation, trade liberalisation, and currency ... Les pays en développement du Bassin sud-méditerranéen n’ont pas profité de l’expansion remarquable des investissements privés internationaux de ces dernières années. Bien que la région ait été précédemment une destination privilégiée pour les investissements directs étrangers, sa part dans les IDE mondiaux a décliné. Ainsi, en 1994, les capitaux privés représentaient 37 pour cent seulement des entrées de capitaux dans la région (et ils se sont concentrés essentiellement sur l’Égypte et le Maroc), alors qu’ils atteignent 76 pour cent pour l’ensemble des pays en développement. Il existe donc un vaste potentiel pour le développement de l’investissement étranger dans la région. Les comparaisons économétriques effectuées dans l’étude montrent également l’importance des différences entre les entrées actuelles de capitaux dans la région sud-méditerranéenne et dans d’autres économies comparables. L’émigration et les fuites de capitaux qui ont caractérisé la région par le passé ont créé une ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 128.

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Date of creation: Dec 1997
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:128-en
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