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The Associations Between Self-Rated Vision and Hearing and Functional Status in Middle Age


  • Paul Lee


  • James P. Smith


  • Raynard S. Kington



Objectives: To describe the correlations between self-reported visual and hearing impairment and an index of global functional status. Design: Multivariate analyses of functional status based on cross sectional data from Wave 1 (1992) of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) controlling for demographic and socioeconomic status, common chronic conditions and general health status. Participants: 9,744 U.S. community-dwelling persons age 51-61 years Main Outcome Measure: A global index of functional status based on self-reported limitations in 11 activities Results: About 12% of respondents rated their vision or hearing as poor. Controlling for demographic factors, socioeconomic status, medical conditions, and general health status, limitations in both vision and hearing were independently correlated with worse functional status. Controlling for income, wealth, education did not greatly reduce the strength of the associations between vision and hearing impairment and function. Conclusions: Visual and hearing impairment appear to have a significant relationship with overall physical functioning in the elderly.

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  • Paul Lee & James P. Smith & Raynard S. Kington, 2004. "The Associations Between Self-Rated Vision and Hearing and Functional Status in Middle Age," HEW 0402002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwphe:0402002
    Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 21. Ophthalmology, February 1999, Vol. 106, No. 2, pp. 401-405

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kington, R.S. & Smith, J.P., 1997. "Socioeconomic status and racial and ethnic differences in functional status associated with chronic diseases," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 87(5), pages 805-810.
    2. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
    3. F. Thomas Juster & Richard Suzman, 1995. "An Overview of the Health and Retirement Study," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30, pages 7-56.
    4. James Smith & Raynard Kington, 1997. "Demographic and economic correlates of health in old age," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 34(1), pages 159-170, February.
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    • I - Health, Education, and Welfare

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