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Innovation und Wissensnetze im Wiener Informations- und Kommunikationtechnologiecluster

Listed author(s):
  • Michaela Trippl

    ()

  • Lukas Lengauer

    ()

  • Franz Tödtling

    ()

Der IKT-Sektor gilt als einer der wichtigsten Bereiche der im Entstehen begriffenen Wissensökonomie. Ein entsche idendes Wettbewerbskriterium in diesem Wirtschaftszweig stellt die Fähigkeit zur Generierung von radikaleren Formen von Innovation dar. Im vorliegenden Forschungsbericht wurden das Innovationsgeschehen im Wiener IKT-Cluster untersucht und die diesem zu Grunde liegenden Wissensquellen näher analysiert. Die Hauptziele der Studie bestanden darin, Erkenntnisse in Bezug auf die Bedeutung verschiedener Wissensnetze und ihrer räumlichen Ausprägung zu generieren und die wichtige Dimension der politischen Steuerung der Clusterentwicklung zu erforschen. In einem ersten Schritt wurde eine Auswertung der wissenschaftlichen Literatur zu den Innovationsmustern und zur Clusterentwicklung im IKT-Sektor durchgeführt und daraus ein theoretisch-konzeptioneller Rahmen erarbeitet. Im Anschluss daran wurde aufbauend auf vorhandenen Studien die Position des österreichischen IKT-Sektors im internationalen Vergleich bestimmt. Basierend auf einer Auswertung der Arbeitsstättenzählungen 1991 und 2001 konnten weiters Wien als mit Abstand größter IKT-Standort Österreichs identifiziert und seine Entwicklungsdynamik aufgezeigt werden. Die Grundlagen für die empirische Untersuchung der Innovationsaktivitäten im Wiener IKTSektor, der Nutzung von externen Wissensquellen sowie der Mechanismen des Wissenstransfers bildeten eine Fragebogenerhebung bei 73 IKT-Betrieben sowie persönliche Interviews mit 20 Software-Firmen. Die gewonnenen Ergebnisse zeigten, dass der Wiener IKT-Cluster einige spezifische Merkmale aufweist, welche seine zukünftige Dynamik untergraben könnten. Dazu zählen insbesondere die festgestellte betriebliche Forschungsschwäche, eine starke Ausrichtung auf Adaptionen und inkrementale Innovationen sowie eine hochgradig lokale Wissenszirkulation bei gleichzeitigem Fehlen einer intensiven Einbindung in globale Wissensströme. Im Zuge der Analyse des Governance-Systems konnten ein

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/sre-disc/sre-disc-2007_02.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for Multilevel Governance and Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business in its series SRE-Disc with number sre-disc-2007_02.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwsre:sre-disc-2007_02
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria

Web page: http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/mlgd/

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