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Competition, Complementarity and Increasing Disparities Among the Regions of Spain and Portugal


  • Sandy Dall'erba



The aim of this paper is to investigate the competitive or complementary relationships between the regions of Spain and Portugal over the last two decades. Competitive and complementary dynamics between their regions relies on their intense trade, based on their comparative advantages or disadvantages in conjunction with the influence of increasing or decreasing returns and lowered transaction costs. Our analysis is based on the application of the Dendrinos-Sonis model (1988, 1990) to the Gross Domestic Regional Product of the regions of Spain and Portugal and covers the 1977-2000 period. Essentially, the analysis implies that growth in regional income is similar to a zero-sum game in which the growth in one region takes place at the expenses of a least one another. It is formalized in a log-linear discrete relative interaction function and estimated using a seemingly unrelated estimator. Since Spain and Portugal are among the poorest members of the European Union, the second part of the paper extends the application to the four key sectors of regional development policies: agriculture, energy, transportation and non-market services. The complementary or competitive relationships that are revealed raise important issues on the nature of spillover effects between regions. The results contribute also to the debate efficiency versus equity in the spatial and sectoral distribution of European regional development funds. References Dendrinos D. and Sonis M. (1988), Nonlinear Discrete Relative Population Dynamics of the U.S. Regions, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 25, 265-285. Dendrinos D. and Sonis M. (1990), Chaos and Socio-Spatial Dynamics. Applied Mathematical Scences 86. Springer, Heidelberg.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandy Dall'erba, 2003. "Competition, Complementarity and Increasing Disparities Among the Regions of Spain and Portugal," ERSA conference papers ersa03p135, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa03p135

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Damien Neven & Claudine Gouymte, 1995. "Regional Convergence in the European Community," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(1), pages 47-65, March.
    2. Philippe Martin, 1998. "Can Regional Policies Affect Growth and Geography in Europe?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 757-774, August.
    3. Roger Vickerman & Klaus Spiekermann & Michael Wegener, 1999. "Accessibility and Economic Development in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 1-15.
    4. Philippe Martin, 2000. "The Role of Public Policy in the Process of Regional Convergence," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/9328, Sciences Po.
    5. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yiannis Kamarianakis & Vagelis Kaslis, 2005. "Geographical competition-complementarity relationships between Greek regional economies," ERSA conference papers ersa05p552, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Sandy Dall'erba & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "Geographic Spillover Effects of Regional Funds and their Impact on the European Convergence Process over 1989-1999," ERSA conference papers ersa03p136, European Regional Science Association.

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    JEL classification:

    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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