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Commuting and Panel Spatial Interaction Models: Evidence of Variation of the Distance-Effect over Time and Space


  • Jos Van Ommeren


  • Wouter Vermeulen



We apply spatial interaction models using panel data to explain commuting behaviour in the Netherlands. Our main conclusion is that the distance-decay effect is not constant over time and that changes in this effect are region specific. In more densely populated regions the change in the distance-decay parameter is small suggesting that regional increases in congestion have a large negative effect on the increases in average commuting distance. The panel spatial interaction model we derive is well-suited for testing significance of the centrality index (an often used variable in spatial interaction models). Although evidence is found for competition effects in a pooled cross section framework, controlling for time invariant unobserved heterogeneity renders this relation spurious.

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  • Jos Van Ommeren & Wouter Vermeulen, 2003. "Commuting and Panel Spatial Interaction Models: Evidence of Variation of the Distance-Effect over Time and Space," ERSA conference papers ersa03p127, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa03p127

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    1. Susanna Mantegazza & Cecilia Jona-Lasinio & Simona Iammarino, 2001. "The regional dimension of the ICT industry in Italy," ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2001(110).
    2. Stefano Breschi, 2000. "The Geography of Innovation: A Cross-sector Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229.
    3. Paul Schreyer, 2000. "The Contribution of Information and Communication Technology to Output Growth: A Study of the G7 Countries," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2000/2, OECD Publishing.
    4. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 1999. "Convergence or Divergence? Types of Regional Responses to Socio-Economic Change in Western Europe," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 90(4), pages 365-378, November.
    5. Giuseppe De Arcangelis & Cecilia Jona-Lasinio & Stefano Manzocchi, 2004. "Sectoral Determinants and Dynamics of ICT Investment in Italy," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 94(3), pages 119-162, May-June.
    6. Iammarino Simona & Prisco Maria Rosaria & Silvani Alberto, 1999. "Alla ricerca di un modello vincente di innovazione regionale: alcune considerazioni sull'esperienza italiana," L'industria, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 537-566.
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