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Gender Empowerment, Supply-Chain Linkages and Foreign Direct Investment : Evidence on Bangladesh

Author

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  • Fernandes,Ana Margarida
  • Kee,Hiau Looi

Abstract

This paper studies foreign direct investment spillovers on the gender-related labor market practices of domestic firms, based on a unique firm-to-firm data set of Bangladesh's textiles and garment sectors. The paper looks at the female employment of domestic firms that are directly and indirectly related to foreign direct investment firms through supply chain linkages. These domestic firms are either the local suppliers or customers of foreign direct investment firms, or they share local suppliers and customers with foreign direct investment firms. The estimates show that domestic firms related to foreign direct investment firms have significantly more female administrative workers, but not necessarily female non-administrative workers, due to the former participating in more firm-to-firm interactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernandes,Ana Margarida & Kee,Hiau Looi, 2020. "Gender Empowerment, Supply-Chain Linkages and Foreign Direct Investment : Evidence on Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9340, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9340
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chen, Zhihong & Ge, Ying & Lai, Huiwen & Wan, Chi, 2013. "Globalization and Gender Wage Inequality in China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 256-266.
    2. KODAMA Naomi & Beata S. JAVORCIK & ABE Yukiko, 2016. "Transplanting Corporate Culture across International Borders: FDI and female employment in Japan," Discussion papers 16015, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Thomas Farole & Yoonyoung Cho & Laurent Bossavie & Reyes Aterido, 2017. "Bangladesh Jobs Diagnostic," World Bank Other Operational Studies 28498, The World Bank.
    4. Naomi Kodama & Beata S. Javorcik & Yukiko Abe, 2018. "Transplanting corporate culture across international borders: Foreign direct investment and female employment in Japan," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(5), pages 1148-1165, May.
    5. Heath, Rachel & Mushfiq Mobarak, A., 2015. "Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 1-15.
    6. Kee, Hiau Looi, 2015. "Local intermediate inputs and the shared supplier spillovers of foreign direct investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 56-71.
    7. Remco H. Oostendorp, 2009. "Globalization and the Gender Wage Gap," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 23(1), pages 141-161, January.
    8. Rasmané Ouedraogo & Elodie Marlet, 2018. "Foreign Direct Investment and Women Empowerment: New Evidence on Developing Countries," IMF Working Papers 2018/025, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Rasmané Ouedraogo & Elodie Marlet, 2018. "Foreign Direct Investment and Women Empowerment: New Evidence on Developing Countries," IMF Working Papers 18/25, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Beata S. Javorcik, 2015. "Does FDI Bring Good Jobs to Host Countries?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 30(1), pages 74-94.
    11. Bossavie,Laurent Loic Yves & Cho,Yoonyoung & Heath,Rachel, 2019. "The Effects of International Scrutiny on Manufacturing Workers : Evidence from the Rana Plaza Collapse in Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9065, The World Bank.
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