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Poverty and development : the Human Development Report and the World Development Report, 1990

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  • Kanbur, Ravi

Abstract

After the"adjustment decade"of the 1980s, attention in the 1990s seems to be turning once again to longer-term issues of development - particularly of poverty alleviation. Just as the 1980s were heralded by a series of reports on adjustment, so the 1990s have seen two major reports on poverty: World Development Report 1990: Poverty, by the World Bank, and Human Development Report 1990 by the UNDP. The author presents an overview of conceptual issues and the best policies for alleviating poverty, based on a review of these two reports. He poses basic questions on the definition and measurement of poverty, looks at what has actually happened to poverty in developing countries in the last three decades, and reviews policies to help alleviate poverty. The consensus represented in these two reports, he concludes, offers hope that the polarization of policy analysts into"camps"is a thing of the past - and that policies for the 1990s can be built on fundamental agreement about the basics: (a) that poverty alleviation requires growth, but growth is not enough; (b) that growth must be broad-based and labor-intensive, and must go hand in hand with targeted basic social expenditures; and (c) that the international community must do its share, by supporting these efforts in the 1990s through greatly increased capital flows to development countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Kanbur, Ravi, 1991. "Poverty and development : the Human Development Report and the World Development Report, 1990," Policy Research Working Paper Series 618, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:618
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Haddad, Lawrence & Kanbur, Ravi, 1990. "How Serious Is the Neglect of Intra-Household Inequality?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(402), pages 866-881, September.
    2. S. M. Ravi Kanbur, 1987. "Measurement and Alleviation of Poverty: With an Application to the Effects of Macroeconomic Adjustment (Evaluation quantitative de la pauvreté et remèdes possibles: analyse des effets d'un ajustemen," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(1), pages 60-85, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jones Charles I., 2001. "Was an Industrial Revolution Inevitable? Economic Growth Over the Very Long Run," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 1(2), pages 1-45, August.
    2. Ingram, Gregory, 1992. "Social indicators and productivity convergence in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 894, The World Bank.
    3. repec:ilo:ilowps:283665 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sawada, Yasuyuki & Estudillo, Jonna P., 2006. "Trade, Migration, and Poverty Reduction in the Globalizing Economy: The Case of the Philippines," WIDER Working Paper Series 058, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Andrea Brandolini & Giovanni Vecchi, 2011. "The Well-Being of Italians: A Comparative Historical Approach," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers) 19, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    6. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and policy," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2551-2657, Elsevier.
    7. Hartmann, Dominik & Pyka, Andreas, 2013. "Innovation, economic diversification and human development," FZID Discussion Papers 65-2013, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    8. Madeeha Gohar Qureshi & Eatzaz Ahmed, 2012. "The Inter-linkages between Democracy and Per Capita GDP Growth: A Cross Country Analysis," PIDE-Working Papers 2012:85, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    9. repec:ilo:ilowps:293117 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Rolando H. Castañeda & George Plinio Montalván, 1995. "The "New" Cuban Economic Model (or Socialism with Cuban Characteristics)," Annual Proceedings, The Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, vol. 5.
    11. Stelios Gialis & Lila Leontidou & Michael Taylor, 2014. "Composite indicators of flexibilization across EU regions: a critical re-appraisal and interpretation," ERSA conference papers ersa14p513, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Verner, Dorte, 2005. "What factors influence world literacy? is Africa different?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3496, The World Bank.
    13. repec:ilo:ilowps:340228 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Ahmed,Habib & Mohieldin,Mahmoud & Verbeek,Jos & Aboulmagd,Farida Wael, 2015. "On the sustainable development goals and the role of Islamic finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7266, The World Bank.
    15. Alderman, Harold & Garcia, Marito, 1992. "Food security and health security : explaining the levels of nutrition in Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 865, The World Bank.
    16. Schrader, J.-V., 1992. "Perspektiven Osteuropas im internationalen Getreidehandel," Proceedings “Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues e.V.”, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA), vol. 28.

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