Pauvreté et stratification du marché du travail urbain au Maroc : éléments d'analyse
This paper shows that there is a strong relation between urban poverty patterns and the functioning of the urban labor market in Morocco. There are strong evidences that labor markets in developping are characterised by substantial heterogeneity. Consequently, a model that do not handle this reality is not suitable to understand labor market processes outcomes. The paper presents an approach of labor market segmentation based on occupational differentials in terms of vulnerability. The paper argues that this approach provides a useful framework for understanding the mechanisms of the urban labor market underlying poverty. Based on data from a living standard measurement survey in Morocco, a cluster analysis, exclusively using occupational variables, enables to represent the labor market structure. The data analysis differentiates four groups in term of their degree of vulnerability on the urban labor market. The third step of this study is to document the patterns of poverty in connection with the stratification of the labor market. The analysis then shows that there is a tenuous relationship between occupational status - as idenfied by the cluster analysis - and the poverty. The study points out that two groups on the labor market are notably vulnerable to poverty. (Full text in French)
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