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Living on the edge -- risk, protection, behavior, and outcomes of Argentine youth

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  • Justesen , Michael

Abstract

Risk and protective factors influence behaviors and outcomes for youth. While risk factors expose youth to risk-taking behavior that compromises well-being and hinders personal development, protective factors mediate risk and act as protective mechanisms that insulate youth from negative outcomes. This paper groups youth by risk levels using a cluster analysis methodology, and identifies the risk and protective factors that characterize these groups. Using data from a new household survey covering youth in four urban areas of Argentina in 2005, youth are clustered by characteristics in relation to family and health, education and income, substance abuse, and crime and violence as indicators of risk and protective factors, and behaviors and consequences. Almost half of Argentine youth are at an elevated risk level, and one in four is at serious risk of experiencing negative outcomes or already suffering the consequences. The findings show, for example, that higher income protects against risk factors, such as an insecure neighborhood, and facilitates youth attending school. Furthermore, parents'lack of education is negatively related to the behaviors and outcomes of their children.

Suggested Citation

  • Justesen , Michael, 2008. "Living on the edge -- risk, protection, behavior, and outcomes of Argentine youth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4485, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4485
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fares, Jean & Raju, Dhushyanth, 2007. "Child labor across the developing world : patterns and correlations," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4119, The World Bank.
    2. Pinka Chatterji & Jeff DeSimone, 2005. "Adolescent Drinking and High School Dropout," NBER Working Papers 11337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Cunningham, Wendy V & Maloney, William F, 2001. "Heterogeneity among Mexico's Microenterprises: An Application of Factor and Cluster Analysis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50(1), pages 131-156, October.
    4. Lam, David, 2006. "The demography of youth in developing countries and its economic implications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4022, The World Bank.
    5. Justesen, Michael & Verner, Dorte, 2007. "Factors impacting youth development in Haiti," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4110, The World Bank.
    6. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1999. "Why Youths Drop Out of High School: The Impact of Preferences, Opportunities, and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1295-1340, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Adolescent Health; Youth and Governance; Gender and Health; Population Policies; Housing&Human Habitats;

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