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Manufacturers'responses to infrastructure deficiencies in Nigeria : private alternatives and policy options


  • Kyu Sik Lee
  • Anas, Alex


As cities in developing countries grow, the need to meet increasing demand for urban infrastructure services has become an important policy problem. Failure to respond adequately affects productivity and the quality of life in those cities. In order to make the Bank's lending programs in this area more effective, greater understanding is needed of: (a) the ways inadequate services affect business and productivity in urban areas; (b) the options for more efficiently providing and maintaining the delivery of various infrastructure services; and (c) potential cost savings from improved services. Based on empirical observations, this report suggests policy options for improving the provision of infrastructure services in Nigeria, the first country for which the Bank has undertaken this type of research: (a) regulatory changes to enable greater use of existing private capacity (for example, allowing the sale of excess private electrical power); (b) participation of the private sector in the supply of infrastructure-related services; and (c) pricing policies that are more efficient in the presence of congestion, system failures, and variations in the private provision of services.

Suggested Citation

  • Kyu Sik Lee & Anas, Alex, 1989. "Manufacturers'responses to infrastructure deficiencies in Nigeria : private alternatives and policy options," Policy Research Working Paper Series 325, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:325

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. McGuire, Martin, 1974. "Group Segregation and Optimal Jurisdictions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 112-132, Jan.-Feb..
    2. Whittington, Dale & Lauria, Donald T. & Xinming Mu, 1989. "Paying for urban services : a study of water vending and willingness to pay for water in Onitsha, Nigeria," Policy Research Working Paper Series 363, The World Bank.
    3. Baumol, William J & Bradford, David F, 1970. "Optimal Departures from Marginal Cost Pricing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(3), pages 265-283, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rémi de BERCEGOL & Adeline Desfeux, 2011. "An Alternative to Conventional Public Water Service: "User Group Networks" in a Mumbai Slum," Working Papers id:3912, eSocialSciences.
    2. Muyambiri, Brian & Chiwira, Oscar & Enowbi Batuo, Michael & Chiranga, Ngonidzashe, 2010. "The Causal Relationship between Private and Public Investment in Zimbabwe," MPRA Paper 26671, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Pack, Howard & Paxson, Christina, 1999. "Is African manufacturing skill-constrained?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2212, The World Bank.
    4. Collier, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 2012. "Greening Africa? Technologies, endowments and the latecomer effect," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(S1), pages 75-84.
    5. Anas, Alex & Kyu Sik Lee & Murray, Michael, 1996. "Infrastructure bottlenecks, private provision, and industrial productivity : a study of Indonesian and Thai cities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1603, The World Bank.
    6. Mila Freire & Mario Polèse & Pamela Echeverria, 2003. "Connecting Cities with Macroeconomic Concerns : The Missing Link," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15058.
    7. Paul Collier & Jan Willem Gunning, 1999. "Why Has Africa Grown Slowly?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 3-22, Summer.
    8. Whittington, Dale & Okorafor, Apia & Okore, Augustine & McPhail, Alexander, 1990. "Cost recovery strategy for rural water delivery in Nigeria," Policy Research Working Paper Series 369, The World Bank.


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