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Deposit dollarization and the financial sector in emerging economies

Author

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  • Honohan, Patrick
  • Shi, Anging

Abstract

Analyzing new data, the authors find that the general trend toward increased use of foreign-currency-denominated bank deposits in emerging markets has continued, despite declines in a few countries. Their analysis of the new data suggests that a sizable fraction (about half, on average) of funds switched to dollar deposit accounts are effectively exported through the banking system, thereby reducing the supply of credit. Moreover, increases in deposit dollarization are associated with increases in offshore deposits, which probably helps to explain the authors'finding that dollarization is associated with an increase in banking spreads. The authors'evidence supports, though only weakly, the conjecture that dollarization would tend to raise wholesale interest rates systematically through a peso premium. In contrast, greater dollarization is clearly associated with a higher pass-through coefficient from exchange rate change to consumer prices, potentially increasing nominal risk in the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Honohan, Patrick & Shi, Anging, 2001. "Deposit dollarization and the financial sector in emerging economies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2748, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2748
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. de la Torre, Augusto & Levy Yeyati, Eduardo & Schmukler, Sergio L, 2002. "Financial Globalization: Unequal Blessings," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(3), pages 335-357, Winter.
    2. Patrick Honohan, 2007. "Dollarization and Exchange Rate Fluctuations," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp201, IIIS.
    3. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Izquierdo, Alejandro & Loo-Kung, Rudy, 2006. "Relative price volatility under Sudden Stops: The relevance of balance sheet effects," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 231-254, June.
    4. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff & Miguel A. Savastano, 2014. "Addicted to Dollars," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 1-50, May.
    5. Laeven, Luc & Majnoni, Giovanni, 2005. "Does judicial efficiency lower the cost of credit?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1791-1812, July.
    6. Eduardo Levy Yeyati & Alain Ize, 2005. "Financial De-Dollarization; Is it for Real?," IMF Working Papers 05/187, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Hanson, James A., 2003. "Banking in developing countries in the 1990s," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3168, The World Bank.
    8. Hakan Kara & Hande Kucuk Tuger & Umit Ozlale & Burc Tuger & Devrim Yavuz & Eray M. Yucel, 2005. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Turkey : Has it Changed and to What Extent?," Working Papers 0504, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    9. Aysun, Uluc & Honig, Adam, 2011. "Bankruptcy costs, liability dollarization, and vulnerability to sudden stops," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(2), pages 201-211, July.
    10. Kubo, Koji, 2007. "Do Foreign Currency Deposits Promote or Deter Financial Development in Low-Income Countries? An Empirical Analysis of Cross-Country Data," IDE Discussion Papers 87, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    11. Ramon-Ballester, Francisco & Wezel, Torsten, 2007. "International financial linkages of Latin American banks: the effects of political risk and deposit dollarisation," Working Paper Series 744, European Central Bank.
    12. Laeven, Luc, 2002. "Pricing of deposit insurance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2871, The World Bank.
    13. Gianni De Nicolo & Patrick Honohan & Alain Ize, 2003. "Dollarization of the Banking System; Good or Bad?," IMF Working Papers 03/146, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Jean-François Goux & Charbel Cordahi, 2007. "The international transmission of monetary shocks in a dollarized economy: The case of USA and Lebanon," Post-Print halshs-00174466, HAL.
    15. Armando Méndez Morales & Maria del Mar Cacha, 2003. "The Role of Supervisory tools in Addressing Bank Borrowers' Currency Mismatches," IMF Working Papers 03/219, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2004. "Coping with Risks through Mismatches: Domestic and International Financial Contracts for Emerging Economies," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 349-390, December.
    17. Alessandro Zanello & Mark R. Stone & Christopher J. Jarvis & Andrew Berg, 2003. "Re-Establishing Credible Nominal Anchors After a Financial Crisis; A Review of Recent Experience," IMF Working Papers 03/76, International Monetary Fund.
    18. Sunel, Enes, 2010. "On inflation, wealth inequality and welfare in emerging economies," MPRA Paper 25943, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. corrinne ho & robert n mccauley, 2004. "Living with flexible exchange rates:," International Finance 0411003, EconWPA.
    20. Gokhan Yilmaz, 2005. "Financial Dollarization, (De)Dollarization and The Turkish Experience," Working Papers 2005/6, Turkish Economic Association.
    21. Alain Ize & Eric Parrado, 2002. "Dollarization, Monetary Policy, and the Pass-Through," IMF Working Papers 02/188, International Monetary Fund.
    22. Ilker Domac & Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee, 2002. "between Dollarization and Inflation : Evidence from Turkey," Discussion Papers 0207, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

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