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Contractual savings, stock, and asset markets

Author

Listed:
  • Impavido, Gregorio
  • Musalem, Alberto R.

Abstract

The authors study the relationship between the development of insurance, and contractual savings, (the assets and portfolio composition of pension funds, and life and non-life insurance companies) and the development of stock markets (market capitalization and value traded). Their contribution lies in providing cross-country, and time-series on a hypothesis that is very popular - but had not been substantiated - among supporters of funded pension systems, and insurance in which reserves are largely invested in tradable securities (equities and bonds). The authors presenta three-assets model (money, quasi money, and shares) to study the effects of the development of contractual savings (pension funds and life insurance companies) and non-life insurance companies on assets market equilibrium, and on stock market development. They use an unbalanced panel of 21 OECD, and 5 developing countries, and an error components two-stage least squares (EC2SLS) estimator, including a test for endogeneity of these institutional investors. The results support the hypothesis that contractual savings, and non-life insurance companies can be treated as exogenous to the development of stock markets; that contractual savings and non-life insurance companies, as well as their portfolio policies, promote stock market development as measured by stock market capitalization, and value traded as a share of GDP. The results show that stock market capitalization is positively correlated with the return on stocks, the assets of contractual savings and non-life insurance companies, the shares of stocks in the portfolios of contractual savings and non-life insurance companies, and the value traded stocks. Stock market capitalization is negatively correlated with the real interest rate, the real return on money (measured by the inverse of inflation), and stock market volatility. Stock market value traded is positively correlated with the shares of stocks in the portfolios of contractual savings and non-life insurance companies, and the real return on money. It is negatively correlated with the real interest rate. The authors conclude that insurance and contractual savings are powerful instruments for developing stock markets, providing depth and liquidity. Higher liquidity, in turn, further promotes market capitalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Impavido, Gregorio & Musalem, Alberto R., 2000. "Contractual savings, stock, and asset markets," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2490, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2490
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    16. repec:hrv:faseco:30728041 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Relwende Sawadogo & Samuel Guerineau, 2015. "Does Insurance Development Affect the Financial Markets in developing countries?," Working Papers halshs-01178840, HAL.
    2. Benjamin Lorent, 2006. "Raisons fondamentales d'une régulation prudentielle du secteur des assurances," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 49(3), pages 203-244.
    3. Musalem, Alberto R. & Impavido, Gregorio & Tressel, Thierry, 2001. "Contractual savings, capital markets, and firms'financing choices," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2612, The World Bank.
    4. Milos Laura Raisa, 2012. "Spillover Effects Of Pension Funds On Capital Markets. The Eu-15 Countries Case," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 4, pages 164-170, December.
    5. World Bank, 2005. "Benin : Financial Sector Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8300, The World Bank.
    6. Impavido, Gregorio & Musalem, Alberto R. & Vittas, Dimitri, 2002. "Contractual savings in countries with a small financial sector," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2841, The World Bank.
    7. Laura Raisa MILOS & Carmen CORDUNEANU, 2011. "Pension funds – main institutional investor on the Romanian capital market?," Timisoara Journal of Economics, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 4(2(14)), pages 105-110.
    8. Vittas, Dimitri, 2002. "Policies to promote saving for retirement : a synthetic overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2801, The World Bank.
    9. Impavido, Gregorio & Musalem, Alberto R. & Tressel, Thierry, 2001. "Contractual savings institutions and banks'stability and efficiency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2751, The World Bank.
    10. Ashok Thomas & Luca Spataro, 2016. "The Effects Of Pension Funds On Markets Performance: A Review," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 1-33, February.
    11. Kuhan Harichandra & S. M. Thangavelu, 2004. "Institutional Investors, Financial Sector Development And Economic Growth in OECD Countries," Departmental Working Papers wp0405, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
    12. de Menil, Georges, 2005. "Why should the portfolios of mandatory, private pension funds be captive? (The foreign investment question)," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 123-141, January.
    13. Claudio Raddatz & Sergio Schmukler, 2013. "Deconstructing Herding: Evidence from Pension Fund Investment Behavior," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 43(1), pages 99-126, February.
    14. Ashok Thomas & Luca Spataro, 2013. "Pension funds and Market Efficiency: A review," Discussion Papers 2013/164, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    15. Impavido, Gregorio & Musalem, Alberto R. & Tressel, Thierry, 2003. "The impact of contractual savings institutions on securities markets," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2948, The World Bank.
    16. Pamela Córdova Olivera, 2010. "Contribución del sistema de pensiones privado de capitalización individual al desarrollo del mercado de capitales en Bolivia 1997-2009," Investigación & Desarrollo 0210, Universidad Privada Boliviana, revised Jan 2010.
    17. Catalan, Mario & Impavido, Gregorio & Musalem, Alberto R., 2000. "Contractual savings or stock market development - Which leads?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2421, The World Bank.

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