Industrial development and the environment in Mexico
Postwar industrialization has moved Mexico's manufacturing industry toward more polluting activities. Fairly independent of changes in foreign trade policy, this process was induced by expansive public investments in heavily polluting subsectors, especially petro - and agrochemicals. Below - market pricing policies (implicit subsidies) for petroleum fuels contributed to an increase in industrial energy intensity -- in sharp contrast with pervasive energy - saving transition in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries in the last two decades. Energy intensity in Mexican industry increased 5.7 percent between 1970 and 1990, compared with a decrease of 35.3 percent in OECD industry.
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- Casler, Stephen D., 1992. "Energy demand and the composition of output growth," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 114-133, March.
- Ten Kate, Adriaan, 1992. "Trade liberalization and economic stabilization in Mexico: Lessons of experience," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 659-672, May.
- Eskeland, Gunnar S., 1993. "A presumptive pigovian tax on gasoline : analysis of an air pollution control program for Mexico City," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1076, The World Bank.
- Balassa, Bela, 1983. "Trade policy in Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 11(9), pages 795-811, September.
- Eskeland, Gunnar S & Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1992. "Policy Instruments for Pollution Control in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 7(2), pages 145-169, July.
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