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Industrial development and the environment in Mexico

Author

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  • Kate, Adriaan Ten

Abstract

Postwar industrialization has moved Mexico's manufacturing industry toward more polluting activities. Fairly independent of changes in foreign trade policy, this process was induced by expansive public investments in heavily polluting subsectors, especially petro - and agrochemicals. Below - market pricing policies (implicit subsidies) for petroleum fuels contributed to an increase in industrial energy intensity -- in sharp contrast with pervasive energy - saving transition in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries in the last two decades. Energy intensity in Mexican industry increased 5.7 percent between 1970 and 1990, compared with a decrease of 35.3 percent in OECD industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Kate, Adriaan Ten, 1993. "Industrial development and the environment in Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1125, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1125
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Balassa, Bela, 1983. "Trade policy in Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 11(9), pages 795-811, September.
    2. Casler, Stephen D., 1992. "Energy demand and the composition of output growth," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 114-133, March.
    3. Eskeland, Gunnar S., 1993. "A presumptive pigovian tax on gasoline : analysis of an air pollution control program for Mexico City," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1076, The World Bank.
    4. Ten Kate, Adriaan, 1992. "Trade liberalization and economic stabilization in Mexico: Lessons of experience," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 659-672, May.
    5. Eskeland, Gunnar S & Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1992. "Policy Instruments for Pollution Control in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 7(2), pages 145-169, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lee, Hiro & Roland-Holst, David, 1997. "The environment and welfare implications of trade and tax policy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 65-82, February.
    2. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Anna Montini & Roberto Zoboli, 2008. "Environmental Kuznets Curves for Air Pollutant Emissions in Italy: Evidence from Environmental Accounts (NAMEA) Panel Data," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 277-301.
    3. Eskeland, Gunnar S. & Jimenez, Emmanuel & Lili Liu & DEC, 1994. "Energy pricing and air pollution : econometric evidence from manufacturing in Chile and Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1323, The World Bank.

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