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Up or down the value chain? The comparative analysis of the GVC position of the economies of the new EU member states

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Hagemejer

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw; Economic Institute, National Bank of Poland)

  • Mahdi Ghodsi

    (Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies)

Abstract

The pattern of trade of the Central and Eastern European countries has been changing since the beginning of the economic transition in the early 1990s. By the end of the century this process was additionally strengthened by their integration with the EU and overlapped with the development of global value chains (GVC) spanning across Europe with which the new member states (NMS) have become increasingly integrated. In this paper, we shed lights on these changes by analyzing the position of the NMS within the global value chains. We employ the upstreamness measure proposed by Antras et al. 2012 and use the World Input-Output Database. Although we observe a global increasing trend in the upstreamness of all countries, we find that the NMS have in many cases gone against this trend while converging in their production structure within their group and with the EU-15. This convergence is mostly present in Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia where the level of upstreamness in the most important exporting sectors was close to that of Germany by the end of the analyzed period 1995-2011.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Hagemejer & Mahdi Ghodsi, 2016. "Up or down the value chain? The comparative analysis of the GVC position of the economies of the new EU member states," Working Papers 2016-23, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2016-23
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    File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/index.php/download_file/2957/
    File Function: First version, 2016
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pol Antras & Davin Chor & Thibault Fally & Russell Hillberry, 2012. "Measuring the Upstreamness of Production and Trade Flows," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 412-416, May.
    2. di Mauro, Filippo & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Vicard, Vincent & Altomonte, Carlo & Rungi, Armando, 2012. "Global value chains during the great trade collapse: a bullwhip effect?," Working Paper Series 1412, European Central Bank.
    3. João Amador & Rita Cappariello & Robert Stehrer, 2015. "Global Value Chains: A View from the Euro Area," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 99-120, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Hagemejer, 2015. "Productivity spillovers in the GVC. The case of Poland and the New EU Member States," Working Papers 2015-42, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    2. Jan Hagemejer & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2017. "Upstreamness of employment and global financial crisis in Poland: the role of position in the global value chains," GRAPE Working Papers 15, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    global value chains; upstreamness; European Union; New Member States;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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