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The Impact of the 1999 Education Reform in Poland

Author

Listed:
  • Maciej Jakubowski

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw
    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))

  • Harry Anthony Patrinos

    (World Bank)

  • Emilio Ernesto Porta

    (World Bank)

  • Jerzy Wiśniewski

    (Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Poland)

Abstract

Increasing the share of vocational secondary schooling has been a mainstay of development policy for decades, perhaps nowhere more so than in formerly socialist countries. The transition, however, led to significant restructuring of school systems, including a declining share of vocational students. Exposing more students to a general curriculum could improve academic abilities. This paper analyzes Poland’s significant improvement in international achievement tests and the restructuring of the education system that expanded general schooling to test the hypothesis that delayed vocational streaming improves outcomes. Using propensity score matching and differences-in-differences estimates, the authors show that delayed vocationalization had a positive and significant impact on student performance on the order of one standard deviation.

Suggested Citation

  • Maciej Jakubowski & Harry Anthony Patrinos & Emilio Ernesto Porta & Jerzy Wiśniewski, 2010. "The Impact of the 1999 Education Reform in Poland," Working Papers 2010-04, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2010-04
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    File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP27.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michela Braga & Daniele Checchi & Elena Meschi, 2011. "GINI DP 22: Institutional Reforms and Educational Attainment in Europe," GINI Discussion Papers 22, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
    2. Braga, Michela & Checchi, Daniele & Meschi, Elena, 2011. "Institutional Reforms and Educational Attainment in Europe: A Long Run Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 6190, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Popp, Marie, 2010. "Viel Lärm um Pisa: Eine qualitative-vergleichende Presseanalyse zu den Reaktionen auf die PISA-Studie in Deutschland, Österreich, Spanien und Mexiko," TranState Working Papers 134, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State.
    4. H. Lehmann, 2012. "The Polish growth miracle: outcome of persistent reform efforts," Working Papers wp822, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    5. Maciej Jakubowski, 2015. "Latent variables and propensity score matching: a simulation study with application to data from the Programme for International Student Assessment in Poland," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 1287-1325, May.
    6. Oral, Isil & Santos, Indhira & Zhang, Fan, 2012. "Climate change policies and employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6294, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; streaming; tracking; curriculum;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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