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Technology transfer: how to remove obstacles in advancing employment growth

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  • Geenhuizen, M. van

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Nijkamp, P.

Abstract

It has become increasingly evident that technology is a major determinant of the competitiveness of cities and regions nowadays. The availability of new technology essentially reduces the amount of uncertainty with which companies deal in their daily operations. In addition, new technology is a basis for the establishment of new companies and the restructuring of old ones. It therefore, may essentially influence the development direction of urban and regional economies. First, this paper will discuss a communication approach to technology transfer. This approach pays attention to barriers and the removing of barriers in communication processes underlying technology transfer (Section 2). Next, in an empirical part, the paper will focus on experiences in technology transfer through academic transfer institutes (Section 3) and science parks (Section 4). This analysis is based on a blend of empirical studies in Europe and the United States. The paper will conclude with an examination of practical issues concerning obstacles to technology transfer (Section 5). To this purpose it provides an evaluation framework for the assessment of potential success of new science parks, namely by means of the so-called ‘Pentagon of Concerns’. It will be discussed how this evaluation framework can be operationalized by means of

Suggested Citation

  • Geenhuizen, M. van & Nijkamp, P., 1995. "Technology transfer: how to remove obstacles in advancing employment growth," Serie Research Memoranda 0028, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  • Handle: RePEc:vua:wpaper:1995-28
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    File URL: http://degree.ubvu.vu.nl/repec/vua/wpaper/pdf/19950028.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988, August.
    2. C Longhi & M Quéré, 1993. "Innovative networks and the technopolis phenomenon: the case of Sophia-Antipolis," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 11(3), pages 317-330, June.
    3. DOUGLAS D. Parker & DAVID Zilberman, 1993. "University Technology Transfers: Impacts On Local And U.S. Economies," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 11(2), pages 87-99, April.
    4. Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet & Salomon, Ilan, 1990. "Barriers in Spatial Interactions and Communications: A Conceptual Exploration," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 24(4), pages 237-252.
    5. Christian Longhi & Michel Quéré, 1993. "Innovative networks and the technopolis phenomenon : the case of Sophia-Antipolis," Post-Print halshs-00456831, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kangasharju, Aki & Nijkamp, Peter, 2001. "Innovation dynamics in space: local actors and local factors," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 31-56, March.

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