IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Barriers in spatial interactions and communications : a conceptual exploration


  • Nijkamp, P.

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Rietveld, P.
  • Salomon, I.


Barriers are defined as discontinuties in the broadly defined marginal costs of communications, usually leading to a discontinuity in interaction. This paper addresses conceptual issues about barriers to communication. Several typologies of barriers are given. For example, according to the degree of permeability, barriers may discourage interaction, or may even be entirely impermeable, but examples may also be given of barriers which stimulate communication in one or both directions. Another typology of barriers addresses reasons of existence, including natural barriers, barriers created for protection purposes, barriers created for reasons of convenience, etc. The paper concludes with a number of suggestions for further research on communication barriers.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Nijkamp, P. & Rietveld, P. & Salomon, I., 1990. "Barriers in spatial interactions and communications : a conceptual exploration," Serie Research Memoranda 0064, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  • Handle: RePEc:vua:wpaper:1990-64

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. SOHN Christophe & LICHERON Julien, 2015. "From barrier to resource? Modelling the border effects on metropolitan functions in Europe," LISER Working Paper Series 2015-08, LISER.
    2. Geenhuizen, M. van & Nijkamp, P., 1995. "Technology transfer: how to remove obstacles in advancing employment growth," Serie Research Memoranda 0028, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    3. Philippe Toint & Thierry Eggerickx & Philippe Gerber & Samuel Carpentier & Eric Cornelis & Luc Dal & Sylvain Klein & Xavier Pauly & Fabien Walle, 2011. "Mobilities and long term location choices in Belgium," Working Papers halshs-01132893, HAL.
    4. Yogi Vidyattama, 2012. "Spatial Dichotomies in Indonesia's Regional Development," NATSEM Working Paper Series 12/19, University of Canberra, National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling.
    5. Westlund, Hans, 1999. "An interaction-cost approach on cross-border cooperation. The case of Mid-Scandinavia," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa391, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Geenhuizen, M. van & Damman, M. & Nijkamp, P., 1996. "The local environment as a supportive operator in innovation diffusion," Serie Research Memoranda 0015, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    7. repec:eee:transa:v:104:y:2017:i:c:p:238-254 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Fischer, Manfred M. & Essletzbichler, Jürgen & Gassler, Helmut & Trichtl, Gerhard, 1992. "Interregional and International Telephone Communication. Aggregate Traffic Model and Empirical Evidence for Austria," MPRA Paper 78266, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Batten, David & Fischer, Manfred M., 1992. "Two Alternative Macro-Based Approaches to Model Telecommunication Traffic," MPRA Paper 78269, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Geenhuizen, Marina van & Nijkamp, Peter, 1995. "Transborder investment : corporate strategies and regional development in Eastern Europe," Serie Research Memoranda 0019, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    11. Petrakos, George & Dimitris, Kallioras & Ageliki, Anagnostou, 2007. "A Generalized Model of Regional Economic Growth in the European Union," Papers DYNREG12, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    12. Fischer, Manfred M. & Essletzbichler, Jürgen & Gassler, Helmut & Trichtl, Gerhard, 1992. "Telephone Communication Patterns in Austria A Comparison of the IPFP based Graph-Theoretic and the Intramax Approaches," MPRA Paper 77826, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. REITEL Bernard, 2011. "La frontière internationale, objet sémique, processus multidimensionnel, interface signifiante," LISER Working Paper Series 2011-43, LISER.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:vua:wpaper:1990-64. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (R. Dam). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.