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La frontière internationale, objet sémique, processus multidimensionnel, interface signifiante

  • REITEL Bernard
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    En tant que limite de souveraineté entre deux Etats, la frontière internationale est souvent décrite comme un objet structurant de l?espace géographique. Mais cette dernière est aussi une construction sociale qui est fondamentalement associée à l?Etat et à son territoire. Or, ces derniers semblent remis en cause par des processus d?intégration à l?échelle du Monde et à l?échelle de l?Europe. L?objectif de cet article est de donner un aperçu des changements qui caractérisent les frontières internationales et de voir ce que ces changements révèlent sur la nature des frontières. Dans une première phase, nous montrerons que la frontière internationale est le produit d?une territorialisation sous l?égide de l?Etat qui développe à partir du XVIIe siècle une conception moderne du territoire. Dans un deuxième temps, nous évoquerons les principales conséquences de l?intégration sur les frontières telles qu?elles sont décrites sur le plan théorique et telles qu?elles apparaissent aux échelles mondiale et européenne. Dans une troisième phase, nous proposerons quelques pistes pour tenter de comprendre ce que représente la frontière internationale dans le monde actuel, un objet reconfiguré qui peut être appréhendé à travers une approche multidimensionnelle. La frontière internationale représente une interface signifiante qui exprime un jeu d?acteurs qui intègre des rapports de distance et des articulations d?échelles. En ce sens, la frontière s?apparente plus à un processus qu?à un objet.

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    Paper provided by LISER in its series LISER Working Paper Series with number 2011-43.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:irs:cepswp:2011-43
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    1. James Anderson & Liam O'Dowd, 1999. "Borders, Border Regions and Territoriality: Contradictory Meanings, Changing Significance," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(7), pages 593-604.
    2. Charles Engel & John H. Rogers, 1995. "How wide is the border?," International Finance Discussion Papers 498, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet & Salomon, Ilan, 1990. "Barriers in Spatial Interactions and Communications: A Conceptual Exploration," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 24(4), pages 237-52.
    4. Sohn, Christophe & Reitel, Bernard & Walther, Olivier, 2009. "Cross-border metropolitan integration in Europe (Luxembourg, Basel and Geneva)," IRISS Working Paper Series 2009-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    5. Huib Ernste & Henk Van Houtum & Annelies Zoomers, 2009. "Trans-World: Debating The Place And Borders Of Places In The Age Of Transnationalism," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(5), pages 577-586, December.
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