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The Ghost in the Attic? The Italian National Innovation System in Historical Perspective, 1861-2011

  • Alessandro Nuvolari

    ()

  • Michelangelo Vasta

    ()

In this paper we provide a survey of the long term evolution of the Italian “National innovation system” since the unification. . First we provide a broad reconstruction of long term trends by examining a wide range of quantitative indicators of science and technological activities in comparative perspective. Second, on the basis of this quantitative picture, we put forward a conjectural interpretation of the fundamental features of the Italian national innovation system. Our conclusion is that Italy has approached the process of Modern Economic Growth following a peculiar path characterized by a limited commitment to investments in science and technology in combination with low real wages and the intense use of unskilled labour.

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File URL: http://www.econ-pol.unisi.it/quaderni/665.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Siena in its series Department of Economics University of Siena with number 665.

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Date of creation: Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:usi:wpaper:665
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  1. Nicholas, Tom, 2011. "The origins of Japanese technological modernization," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 272-291, April.
  2. C. Antonelli, 2007. "Localized Technological Change," Chapters, in: Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics, chapter 16 Edward Elgar.
  3. Mario Cimoli & Giovanni Dosi & Richard R. Nelson & Joseph Stiglitz, 2006. "Institutions and Policies Shaping Industrial Development: An Introductory Note," LEM Papers Series 2006/02, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  4. Fagerberg, Jan & Srholec, Martin & Verspagen, Bart, 2009. "Innovation and Economic Development," MERIT Working Papers 032, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  5. Bengt-Ake Lundvall, 2004. "Introduction to 'Technological infrastructure and international competitiveness' by Christopher Freeman," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(3), pages 531-539, June.
  6. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-75, September.
  7. repec:bdi:workqs:qse_07 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Pier Angelo Toninelli & Michelangelo Vasta, 2011. "Opening the black box of Entrepreneurship: the Italian case in a historical perspective," Department of Economics University of Siena 628, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  9. Broadberry, Stephen & Giordano, Claire & Zollino, Francesco, 2011. "A Sectoral Analysis of Italy's Development: 1861 -2010," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 62, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  10. Abramovitz, Moses, 1986. "Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 46(02), pages 385-406, June.
  11. C. Freeman, 2004. "Technological infrastructure and international competitiveness," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(3), pages 541-569, June.
  12. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521868273 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521192385 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1998. "Is Labour Market Flexibility Harmful to Innovation?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(3), pages 387-96, May.
  15. Freeman, Chris, 1995. "The 'National System of Innovation' in Historical Perspective," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 5-24, February.
  16. Federico Lucidi & Alfred Kleinknecht, 2010. "Little innovation, many jobs: An econometric analysis of the Italian labour productivity crisis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 525-546.
  17. Akkermans, Dirk & Castaldi, Carolina & Los, Bart, 2009. "Do 'liberal market economies' really innovate more radically than 'coordinated market economies'?: Hall and Soskice reconsidered," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 181-191, February.
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